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Quick answer
"On" is a preposition which is often translated as "en", and "over" is a preposition which is often translated as "encima de". Learn more about the difference between "on" and "over" below.
on(
an
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate position)
a. en
There is a great photo on the front page.Hay una foto estupenda en la portada.
b. sobre
Placing hot pans on the countertop is not recommended.No es recomendable poner ollas calientes sobre la encimera.
c. encima de
Where are my glasses? - I left them on the table.¿Dónde están mis lentes? - Las dejé encima de la mesa.
2. (used to indicate place)
a. en
The village is on the border.El pueblo está en la frontera.
3. (used to indicate time, date or day)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Our anniversary is on Saturday.Nuestro aniversario es el sábado.
Where were you on the morning of September 30th?¿Dónde estabas la mañana del 30 de septiembre?
4. (used to indicate a completed action; used with gerund)
a. al
On arriving home, her husband told her the bad news.Al llegar a casa, su marido le contó la mala noticia.
b. tras
On finishing her studies, she went traveling in Europe.Tras finalizar sus estudios, se fue a viajar por Europa.
5. (used to indicate the subject)
a. sobre
Today, you have the chance to have your say on the matter.Hoy tiene la oportunidad de dar su opinión sobre el tema.
b. acerca de
He wrote a controversial book on Mexican politics.Escribió un controvertido libro acerca de la política mexicana.
6. (used to indicate the use of drugs or medication)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Are you on any medication?¿Toma algún medicamento?
The driver was a young kid on drugs.El conductor era un chico que iba drogado.
7. (used to indicate activity or treatment)
a. de (trip, tour or vacation)
The band will be on tour until December.El grupo estará de gira hasta diciembre.
b. a (diet)
I need to go on a diet and lose weight.Tengo que ponerme a dieta y bajar peso.
8. (used to indicate source)
a. de
Some sharks feed on plankton.Algunos tiburones se alimentan de plancton.
9. (used to indicate membership or inclusion)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. en
He's on the Olympic swimming team.Está en el equipo olímpico de natación.
10. (telecommunications)
a. en (the Internet)
I spent hours on the Internet looking for information for my paper.Pasé horas en Internet buscando de información para mi trabajo.
b. a (the phone)
I have to talk with my boss, but he's on the phone at the moment.Tengo que hablar con mi jefe pero está al teléfono ahora mismo.
11. (radio or TV)
a. en
Your favorite show is on TV tonight.Esta noche ponen tu programa favorito en la tele.
12. (transport)
a. en (in a bus, train or airplane)
I always get sick on the bus.Siempre me mareo en el autobús.
b. a (into a bus, train or airplane)
We got on the plane at six, but we only took off half an hour later.Subimos al avión a las seis pero tardamos media hora en despegar.
13. (music)
a. a
Playing on keyboards, Dave! A big round of applause for him!¡Al teclado, Dave! ¡Un fuerte aplauso para él!
14. (according to)
a. según
The order will be delivered based on your instructions.Se entregará el pedido según sus instrucciones.
b. de acuerdo con
He was acting on your advice.Él obraba de acuerdo con tus consejos.
15. (about one's person)
a. encima
Since she got robbed in the street, she doesn't like to have money on her.Desde que la atracaron en la calle, no le gusta llevar dinero encima.
b. consigo
He had no guns on him.No llevaba armas consigo.
16. (used to indicate who pays)
a. por cuenta de
The dinner is on my father, and I will buy the cinema tickets.La cena va por cuenta de mi padre y yo pago las entradas para el cine.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
17. (in place)
a. puesto
You can leave the tablecloth on.Puedes dejar el mantel puesto.
18. (with clothing)
a. puesto
You can leave your hat on.Puedes dejarte el sombrero puesto.
19. (used to indicate time or place ahead)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
From next year on, I will be pursuing my real dream.A partir del año que viene, perseguiré mi verdadero sueño.
There's a gas station a couple of miles further on.Hay una gasolinera un par de millas más adelante.
20. (used to indicate continuation)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Dream on; nothing is impossible!¡Sigue soñando, que nada es imposible!
She went on and on about how smart her kids were.No paraba de hablar de lo inteligentes que eran sus hijos.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
21. (in operation)
a. encendido
If the lights are on, the store's open.Si las luces están encendidas, la tienda está abierta.
b. prendido
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
While the oven is on, I'll bake this cake.Como está prendido el horno, hornearé esta torta.
22. (occurring)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The race is on to find the missing ship.Ya empezó la carrera para encontrar el barco desaparecido.
This event is still on, despite the rain!¡El evento sigue en pie a pesar de la lluvia!
23. (radio, TV, theater or cinema)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Is there anything good on at the movies?¿Están dando algo bueno en el cine?
Your favorite song is on right now.Está sonando tu canción favorita ahora mismo.
24. (on duty)
a. de turno
Who’s on this weekend?¿Quién está de turno este fin de semana?
25. (used to indicate agreement)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I bet you $20 she doesn’t turn up. - You’re on!Te apuesto $10 a que no viene. - ¡Trato hecho!
I'll buy you dinner if you ask her out. - OK, you're on.Te invito a cenar si le pides que salga contigo - Vale.
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over(
o
-
vuhr
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (above)
a. encima de
There was a mosquito net over the bed.Había un mosquitero encima de la cama.
b. por encima de
There's a painting of Venice over our bed.Hay un cuadro de Venecia por encima de nuestra cama.
c. arriba de
The light over the sink is burned out.La luz arriba de la pila está fundida.
d. sobre
There's a mistletoe over the doorway into the living room.Hay un muérdago sobre la puerta a la sala de estar.
2. (in excess of)
a. más de
I made over a hundred dollars working from home.Gané más de cien dólares trabajando desde casa.
b. mayor de
You have to be over 21 to be allowed to drink alcohol in this country.Hay que ser mayor de 21 años para poder beber alcohol en este país.
c. por encima de
Our sales increased over two percent last quarter.Nuestras ventas aumentaron por encima de un dos por ciento el pasado trimestre.
3. (during)
a. durante
I'd rather speak about it over dinner.Prefiero hablar de eso durante la cena.
b. mientras
They reviewed the contract over lunch to make sure that everything was satisfactory.Repasaron el contrato mientras almorzaban para comprobar que todo fuera satisfactorio.
4. (by means of)
a. por
It's not safe for us to talk about this over the phone.No es seguro hablar de esto por teléfono.
5. (because of)
a. por
I don't want to argue over minutia. Let's get to the important issue.No quiero discutir por detalles minuciosos. Pasamos a lo importante.
b. sobre
There was some controversy over the company's new direction.Hubo algo de polémica sobre la nueva dirección de la empresa.
6. (mathematics)
a. sobre
Two over eight is one quarter.Dos sobre ocho es igual a un cuarto.
7. (in a higher rank)
a. por encima de
I got tired of having a boss over me, so I started my own company.Me cansé de tener a un jefe por encima de mí, pues fundé mi propia empresa.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (across)
a. por encima de
We'll be going over the bridge in five minutes.Pasaremos por encima del puente en cinco minutos.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I looked over at my husband and he was asleep.Miré a mi esposo y estaba dormido.
My family came over for Hanukkah.Mi familia vino para la Hanukkah.
9. (indicating repetition)
a. de nuevo
This isn't right. You'll have to do it over.Esto no está bien. Tendrás que hacerlo de nuevo.
b. otra vez
He told the same story over and over.Contó la misma historia una y otra vez.
10. (excessively)
a. demasiado
Todd was accused of being over careful when planning his trip to the jungle.A Todd se le acusaba de ser demasiado cauteloso al momento de planificar su excursión a la jungla.
11. (in or to a certain place)
a. allí
I'll be over in about an hour. Should I bring anything?Estaré allí en como una hora. ¿Traigo algo?
b. aquí
I'm at the restaurant, but I don't see you. - We're over here by the bar.Estoy en el restaurante, pero no los veo. - Estamos aquí por la barra.
12. (on the back)
a. al dorso
See over for dosage information.Véase al dorso para información de dosis.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
13. (completed; often used with "be")
a. acabar
The movie isn't over yet.Todavía no ha acabado la película.
b. terminar
This conversation is over.Esta conversación terminó.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
14. (telecommunications)
a. cambio
Mayday! Mayday! We are sinking. Over!¡Mayday! ¡Mayday! Nos estamos hundiendo. ¡Cambio!
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