Quick answer
"Off" is an adverb which is often translated as "apagado", and "turn on" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "prender". Learn more about the difference between "off" and "turn on" below.
off(
af
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (electricity)
a. apagado
If you press the button while the radio is off, it turns on automatically.Si pulsas el botón cuando la radio está apagada, se enciende automáticamente.
2. (distant)
a. a
The mailbox is some yards off to the right.El buzón está a unas yardas a la derecha.
3. (indicating departure)
a. irse
I'm off to Colombia on Monday!¡Me voy a Colombia el lunes!
4. (indicating removal)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Pull the label off.Saca la etiqueta.
When she takes her scarf off, you can see the necklace she is wearing.Cuando se quita la bufanda, se puede ver el collar que lleva puesto.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
5. (from)
a. de
I fell off the bed and crushed my glasses.Me caí de la cama y aplasté mis lentes.
6. (absent from)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm off work until the new year.Estoy fuera de la oficina hasta el año nuevo.
The kids have the day off of school because of snow.Los niños no tienen que ir a la escuela a causa de la nieve.
7. (near)
a. cerca
I live on a small street just off the main road.Vivo en una pequeña calle cerca de la carretera principal.
8. (indicating abstinence)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
She is off sugar as she is trying to lose some weight.No consume azúcar porque está tratando de perder peso.
The doctor warned him about going off his medication.El doctor le advirtió que no debería dejar de tomar su medicamento.
9. (indicating removal)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I need you to take a link off this watch.Necesito que le quite un eslabón a este reloj.
Take that towel off that chair.Saca la toalla de esa silla.
b. de descuento (pricing)
Subscribe to our newsletter and get 20% off your next purchase.Suscríbase a nuestro boletín para conseguir un 20% de descuento en su próxima compra.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
10. (cancelled)
a. cancelado
The event is off due to a scheduling error.Se ha cancelado el evento debido a un error de planificación.
11. (wrong)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
His table manners are a bit off.Sus modales en la mesa dejan algo que desear.
I thought Julia was a bit off with me this morning.Me pareció que Julia fue algo brusca conmigo esta mañana.
12. (electricity)
a. apagado
Press the off button to end a call.Pulsa el botón de apagado para finalizar una llamada.
13. (unwell)
a. mal
He had gone to bed early because he felt off.Se fue a cama temprano porque se sentía mal.
14. (food)
a. malo
The milk is off because you left it out of the fridge.La leche está mala porque la dejaste fuera de la nevera.
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turn on(
tuhrn
 
an
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to cause to function)
a. prender (a light or an appliance)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
Turn on the lights when you go into the basement.Prende las luces cuando bajes al sótano.
b. abrir (a faucet or water)
I turned the hot water faucet on, but nothing came out.Abrí el grifo del agua caliente, pero no salió nada.
c. encender (a light or an appliance)
Turn on the TV. My favorite show is about to start.Enciende el televisor. Mi programa favorito está a punto de empezar.
d. conectar (electricity)
The supplier hasn't turned on the electricity at our new house yet.El proveedor aún no ha conectado la electricidad en nuestra nueva casa.
2.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to excite)
a. gustar
Rock music doesn't turn me on that much; I prefer classical.La música rock no me gusta tanto, prefiero la clásica.
b. prender
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(sexually)
It turns me on when my girlfriend kisses my neck.Me prende cuando mi novia me besa el cuello.
c. excitar (sexually)
I always give her a massage to turn her on.Siempre le doy un masaje para excitarla.
d. poner cachondo
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(sexually)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Raw oysters never fail to turn them on.Las ostras crudas no fallan en ponerles cachondos.
3. (to go against)
a. volverse en contra de
When he confessed to stealing their money, his friends turned on him.Cuando confesó al robo de su dinero, sus amigos se volvieron en su contra.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
4. (to switch on)
a. encenderse
All the lights suddenly turned on.De pronto se encendieron todas las luces.
b. prenderse
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I wake up when the central heating turns on.Me despierto cuando se prende la calefacción central.
5. (legal)
a. depender de
The fate of the defendant turns on the judge's decision.El destino del acusado depende de la decisión del juez.
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