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Quick answer
"It" is a pronoun which is often translated as "lo", and "to" is a preposition which is often translated as "a". Learn more about the difference between "it" and "to" below.
it(
iht
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (direct object)
a. lo (masculine)
I couldn't believe it.No lo podía creer.
b. la (feminine)
Buy some meat and cook it.Compra carne y cocínala.
2. (indirect object)
a. le
Why did you give it a name? It's a bike!¿Por qué le diste un nombre? ¡Es una bicicleta!
3. (after preposition)
a. él (masculine)
Here's the envelope. There's something inside it.Aquí esta el sobre. Hay algo dentro de él.
b. ella (feminine)
The child jumped into the bed, convinced that there was something under it.El niño brincó sobre la cama, convencido de que había algo debajo de ella.
c. ello (neuter)
Forget about it!¡Olvídate de ello!
4. (personal)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I don't think it will fit in the car.No creo que cabrá dentro del coche.
It is heavier than I thought.Pesa más de lo que pensaba.
5. (impersonal)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It was a foggy night.Era una noche nublada.
It's raining cats and dogs out there!¡Está lloviendo a cántaros afuera!
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to(
tu
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate direction)
a. a
I'm going to your house.Voy a tu casa.
b. hacia
She walked to the woods.Caminó hacia el bosque.
2. (as far as)
a. hasta
I would run to your house right now just to see you!¡Correría hasta tu casa ahora mismo solo para verte!
3. (in order to)
a. a
I just came to say hello.Solo vine a saludar.
4. (used to indicate belonging)
a. de
All of those books belonged to my grandfather.Todos estos libros eran de mi abuelo.
5. (used to tell the time)
a. menos
It is a quarter to six.Son las seis menos cuarto.
6. (used to indicate proportion or range)
a. por
The birth ratio is 107 boys to 100 girls.La proporción de nacimientos es de 107 niños por 100 niñas.
7. (in comparisons)
a. a
Variable A is greater or equal to variable B.La variable A es mayor o igual a la variable B.
8. (resulting in)
a. para
To my surprise, he did not recognize me.Para mi sorpresa, él no me reconoció.
9. (in toasts)
a. por
Here's to the birthday girl! Cheers!¡Por la cumpleañera! ¡Salud!
10. (used to indicate position)
a. a
Turn to the left to exit.Gira a la izquierda para salir.
11. (infinitive particle)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I learned to drive when I was 17.Aprendí a manejar a los 17 años.
We need to work faster.Tenemos que trabajar más rápido.
12. (used in place of a verb)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I didn't want to tell you but I felt I had to.No quería decírtelo pero me vi obligada a hacerlo.
It's my party and I'll cry if I want to.Es mi fiesta y lloraré si quiero.
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