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Quick answer
"In" is a preposition which is often translated as "en", and "outside" is an adverb which is often translated as "fuera". Learn more about the difference between "in" and "outside" below.
in(
ihn
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate location)
a. en
Your father is in the kitchen.Tu padre está en la cocina.
b. dentro de (inside of)
Dinner is in the fridge.La cena está dentro de la nevera.
2. (used to indicate time)
a. en
She was born in 1983.Nació en 1983.
b. dentro de (within)
I finished the third book in the "A Song of Ice and Fire" series in three days.Terminé el tercer libro en la colección "Una canción de hielo y fuego" dentro de tres días.
3. (at the conclusion of)
a. dentro de
We have to leave in five minutes, at the latest.Nos tenemos que ir dentro de cinco minutos, a más tardar.
b. en
You go on ahead. I'll meet you in a half hour.Tú ve. Yo te veo en media hora.
4. (used to indicate manner)
a. en
Does this dress come in red?Este vestido, ¿está disponible en rojo?
Try introducing yourself in Spanish.Intenta presentarte en español.
5. (after superlatives)
a. de
Lionel Messi is, without a doubt, the best soccer player in the world.Lionel Messi es, sin duda, el mejor futbolista del mundo.
6. (with ratios and quantities)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Four people in five preferred the first brand of soda.Cuatro de cada cinco personas prefirieron la primera marca de refresco.
The wedding party should come down the aisle in twos.El cortejo nupcial debe caminar por el pasillo de dos en dos.
7. (used to indicate activity)
a. en
I heard you can make a lot of money in sales.Oí que se puede hacer mucho dinero en ventas.
b. dedicarse a
He works in investment banking.Él se dedica a la banca de inversión.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (inside)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Am I going to stand out here all day, or are you going to invite me in?¿Me voy a quedar parado aquí afuera el día entero, o me vas a invitar a pasar?
The dog won't come in until they open the door.El perro no entrará hasta que abran la puerta.
9. (present)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm afraid the doctor isn't in today.Me temo que el doctor no se encuentra hoy.
Is Denise in? I'd like to speak with her.¿Está Denise? Me gustaría hablar con ella.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
10. (fashionable)
a. de moda
Short skirts are no longer in.Las minifaldas ya no están de moda.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
11. (connection)
a. la palanca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He only got the job because his dad has an in with the company.Solo consiguió el puesto porque su papá tiene palanca dentro de la empresa.
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outside(
aut
-
sayd
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (place)
a. fuera
We will wait outside, so you can see us when you arrive.Esperaremos fuera, para que nos puedas ver al llegar.
b. afuera
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
We can have lunch outside, next to the swimming pool.Podemos almorzar afuera, junto a la piscina.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (not inside)
a. fuera de
They parked their car outside the garage.Aparcaron el carro fuera del garaje.
3. (beyond)
a. fuera de
That dress is outside of my price range.Este vestido está fuera de mi alcance.
b. aparte de
Outside of you, no one else knows my secret.Aparte de ti, nadie más conoce mi secreto.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (external side)
a. el exterior
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Write your name on the outside of the notebook.Pongan el nombre en el exterior de la libreta.
5. (maximum)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It will take me one hour to arrive, or at the very outside two.Me llevará una hora llegar o, a lo sumo, dos.
You can bring two friends to the party at the outside.Puedes traer a la fiesta dos amigos como mucho.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (outward)
a. exterior
The outside pocket is blue.El bolsillo exterior es azul.
b. externo
We are going to need two outside examiners.Vamos a necesitar dos examinadores externos.
c. descubierto
The hotel has an outside swimming pool that is only open in summer.El hotel tiene una piscina descubierta que solo está abierta en verano.
d. al aire libre
There is an outside tennis court, but we can't play because it's raining.Hay una pista de tenis al aire libre, pero no podemos jugar porque está lloviendo.
7. (unlikely)
a. remoto
Going on vacations is an outside possibility since my budget is very limited.Ir de vacaciones es una posibilidad remota porque mi presupuesto es muy limitado.
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