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Quick answer
"I have played" is a phrase which is often translated as "he jugado", and "play" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "jugar". Learn more about the difference between "I have played" and "play" below.
I have played(
ay
 
hahv
 
pleyd
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (I have amused myself)
a. he jugado
I have played poker a few times, but I am not an expert.He jugado póquer unas cuantas veces, pero no soy ningún experto.
2. (I have performed music)
a. he tocado
I have played piano and guitar, but my favorite instrument is the trumpet.He tocado el piano y la guitarra, pero mi instrumento favorito es la trompeta.
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play(
pley
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to amuse oneself)
a. jugar
It's raining and Mom won't let me go outside to play.Está lloviendo y Mamá no me deja salir a la calle a jugar.
2. (to perform music)
a. tocar
The band was still playing when we left.La banda seguía tocando cuando nos fuimos.
3. (sports)
a. jugar
They won't be able to play tonight because of the rain.No podrán jugar esta noche por la lluvia.
4. (to sound)
a. sonar
Soft music was playing in the background.De fondo sonaba una música suave.
5. (to plot)
a. jugar
What are you playing at?¿Pero tú a qué juegas?
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (games)
a. jugar a
Do you want to play Parcheesi with us?¿Quieres jugar al parchís con nosotros?
b. jugar
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
Playing chess requires great powers of concentration.Jugar ajedrez requiere una gran capacidad de concentración.
7. (sports)
a. jugar a
My children play basketball at school.Mis hijos juegan al baloncesto en el colegio.
b. jugar
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I loved playing tennis when I was young.Me encantaba jugar tenis de joven.
8. (to compete)
a. jugar contra
This is the first time they have played a professional team in a professional league.Es la primera vez que juegan contra un equipo profesional en una liga profesional.
9. (to perform on a musical instrument)
a. tocar
Can you play the piano?¿Sabes tocar el piano?
b. interpretar
The orchestra played Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 in D minor.La orquesta interpretó la novena sinfonía de Beethoven en re menor.
10. (to perform a part or a role)
a. interpretar
He plays Hamlet in the new production of the play.Interpreta a Hamlet en la nueva producción de la obra.
b. desempeñar
The king played an important role in the Spanish transition to democracy.El rey desempeñó un papel importante en la transición española hacia la democracia.
11. (to joke)
a. gastar
For some reason, he enjoys playing practical jokes on people.Por alguna razón le gusta gastar bromas pesadas a la gente.
12. (to direct)
a. dirigir
He played the flashlight over the cover of the book.Dirigió la luz de la linterna hacia la cubierta del libro.
13. (to listen to)
a. poner
My neighbor plays the same song over and over again.Mi vecina pone la misma canción una y otra vez.
14. (to pretend to be)
a. hacerse
Don't play the victim with me.No te hagas la víctima conmigo.
15. (to perform at a venue)
a. actuar en
The Rolling Stones played Glastonbury for the first time in 2013.Los Rolling Stones actuaron en Glastonbury por primera vez en 2013.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
16. (recreation)
a. el juego
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Lion cubs learn to fight through play.Los cachorros de león aprenden a pelear mediante el juego.
17. (sports)
a. el juego
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Play resumed after a short rain break.El juego comenzó de nuevo después de ser interrumpido por lluvia.
b. la jugada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Thanks to an inspired play from my teammate, we won the match.Gracias a una jugada inspirada de mi compañero de equipo, ganamos el partido.
18. (theater)
a. la obra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The play lasts 90 minutes, including a 15-minute intermission.La obra dura 90 minutos con un entreacto de 15 minutos.
b. la obra de teatro
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The acclaimed actor has starred in many plays on Broadway.El actor aclamado ha protagonizado muchas obras de teatro en Broadway.
19. (activity between different elements)
a. el juego
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We watched the play of light and shadow on the water's surface.Observamos el juego de luces y sombras en la superficie del agua.
b. la interacción
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It is the play among different economic actors that determines market prices.Es la interacción entre distintos actores económicos lo que determina los precios del mercado.
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