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Quick answer
"Este" is a noun which is often translated as "east", and "llevar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to take". Learn more about the difference between "este" and "llevar" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (compass point)
a. east
La "E" en la brújula significa "este".The "E" on the compass means "east."
2. (direction)
a. east
La ventana de nuestra habitación daba hacia el este.Our bedroom window opened to the east.
3. (region)
a. east
Los que viven en el este de la ciudad tienen un acento diferente a los demás.The people who live in the city's east have a different accent compared to the rest.
4. (wind)
a. east wind
El este trajo una plaga de langostas.The east wind brought with it a plague of locusts.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (in or from the east)
a. eastern
La zona este de la ciudad tiene unos restaurantes excelentes.The eastern part of the city has some excellent restaurants.
b. east
El lado este de la bahía es el lugar perfecto para nadar.The east side of the bay is the perfect place for swimming.
c. easterly
Es mejor ir en dirección este si quieres evitar el bosque.It's better to go in an easterly direction if you want to stay clear of the forest.
6. (demonstrative)
a. this
Este año acabo la universidad.I finish university this year.
Esta libreta no es mía.This notebook isn't mine.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
7. (demonstrative)
a. this
Este no es el plato que pedí.This is not the meal I ordered.
Esta no es la camisa que quería.This is not the shirt I wanted.
b. this one
Me voy a llevar este; el gorro chico no me queda.I'm going to take this one; the small hat doesn't fit me.
¿Qué falda te gusta más? - Esta es muy bonita.Which skirt do you like better? - This one is really pretty.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
8. (conversational filler)
a. um
¿A qué hora llega tu jefe? - Este, no estoy segura.What time does your boss arrive? - Um, I'm not sure.
b. er
¿Te gusta mi nuevo corte de cabello? - Este, claro que sí.Do you like my new haircut? - Er, of course.
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing.
proper noun
9. (region of the world)
a. East
Comerciantes medievales viajaban hacia el Este en búsqueda de especies y sedas.Medieval merchants traveled to the East in search of spices and silks.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to transport)
a. to take
Lleva los platos sucios a la cocina.Take the dirty plates to the kitchen.
b. to carry
Mi marido llevará las bolsas de la compra.My husband will carry the grocery bags.
c. to give a ride (in a vehicle)
Te llevo a la estación si quieres.I can give you a ride to the station if you like.
2. (to escort to)
a. to take
El mayordomo nos llevó a nuestra habitación.The butler took us to our room.
3. (clothing)
a. to wear
Ella siempre lleva sus botas favoritas cuando nieva.She always wears her favorite boots when it snows.
4. (to spend time on)
a. to be
Llevo cuatro horas estudiando y todavía me queda mucho.I've been studying for four hours and there's still a lot left.
5. (to be more than)
a. to be ahead by
Le lleva cuatro metros de ventaja en la carrera.He is ahead by four meters in the race.
b. to be older than (comparative)
Mi marido me lleva dos meses.My husband is two months older than me.
6. (to manage)
a. to handle
Sofía lleva todos los asuntos de finanzas en la familia.Sofía handles all the finances in the family.
b. to deal with
¿Quién va a llevar lo del traslado de oficina?¿Who's going to deal with the office move?
7. (to cope with)
a. to get on
Me enteré de que cerró la fábrica. ¿Cómo lo llevas?I heard the factory closed down. How are you getting on?
b. to handle
La profesora sabe llevar a los alumnos.The teacher knows how to handle the students.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
8. (to take to: used with "a")
a. to lead to
¿Sabes a dónde lleva este túnel?Do you know where this tunnel leads to?
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
9. (to complete)
a. to have (used with past participle)
Lleva comidos cuatro trozos de pizza.She has already eaten four slices of pizza.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10. (to transport)
a. to take
Se llevó todas sus pertenencias consigo.He took all of his belongings with him.
11. (to be friends)
a. to get along
Las dos hermanas nunca se han llevado bien.The two sisters have never gotten along well.
12. (to be fashionable)
a. to be in
Se llevan mucho las zapatillas de deporte con trajes ahora.Wearing sneakers with a suit is really in now.
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