Quick answer
"De" is a preposition which is often translated as "from", and "todo" is an adjective which is often translated as "all". Learn more about the difference between "de" and "todo" below.
de(
deh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate origin)
a. from
Mis padres vienen de Nicaragua.My parents are from Nicaragua.
2. (used to indicate material)
a. of
Esta mesa está hecha de plástico.This table is made of plastic.
3. (used to express possession)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Te recojo en el coche de mi padre.I'll come get you in my father's car.
¿Esa no es la casa de Susana?Isn't that Susana's house?
4. (used to indicate characteristics)
a. of
La comida era de gran calidad.The food was of great quality.
5. (used to indicate content)
a. of
Andrés siempre llevaba una bolsa de canicas.Andres always carried around a bag of marbles.
6. (with compound nouns)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Voy a comprar otro traje de baño para el verano.I'm going to buy another bathing suit for the summer.
Se usa la palanca de cambios para cambiar las marchas.You use the gear shift to change the gears.
7. (used to indicate time)
a. in
Es mejor trabajar de mañana.It is better to work in the morning.
8. (used to express cause)
a. with
Me sorprendí llorando de pena al pensar en él.I caught myself crying with sorrow when I thought of him.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
9. (letter)
a. d
¿Dijiste la letra de o te?Did you say the letter d or t?
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todo(
toh
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (the totality of)
a. all
Puse toda tu ropa en la lavadora.I put all your clothes in the washing machine.
b. all of
La única hija de Ibáñez se quedó con toda la herencia.Ibanez's only daughter inherited all of her estate.
c. whole
Toda la casa ardió. No quedó nada.The whole house burned down. There was nothing left.
d. the whole of
Al final, el casero nos devolvió toda nuestra fianza.In the end, the landlord refunded the whole of our deposit.
2. (each)
a. every
Todo alumno con beca disfrutará de acceso gratuito a las instalaciones deportivas.Every student with a scholarship will have free access to the sports facilities.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (totality)
a. everything
Todavía tengo que empacar todo.I still have to pack everything.
b. all
Todo estaba silencioso.All was silent.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (emphatic)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Siga todo recto.Carry straight on.
La cocina estaba toda sucia.The kitchen was filthy.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
5. (something complete)
a. whole
Este médico ve el cuerpo y la mente como un todo.This doctor sees the body and the mind as a whole.
todos
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (plural) (the totality of)
a. all
Estoy tan feliz. Han venido todos mis amigos.I'm so happy. All my friends have come.
b. all of
Sí, claro que vamos a tu fiesta. Cuenta con todos nosotros.Yes, of course we're coming to your party. You can count on all of us.
c. the whole of
Perdimos todos nuestros ahorros con aquella inversión.We lost the whole of our savings with that investment.
7. (plural) (each)
a. every
Todos los lunes voy al club.Every Monday I go to the club.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
8. (plural) (the totality)
a. all
Me gustan tus camisetas, pero esta es la más linda de todas.I like your T-shirts, but this one is the nicest of all.
b. all of them
¿Vendieron todos los celulares? - Sí, todos.Did you sell all the cellphones? - Yes, all of them.
c. everyone (singular) (people)
Todos saben que Raúl y Fátima están saliendo.Everyone knows that Raul and Fatima are dating.
d. everybody (singular) (people)
Aquí me conocen todos.Everybody knows me here.
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