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Quick answer
"De" is a preposition which is often translated as "from", and "su" is an adjective which is often translated as "his". Learn more about the difference between "de" and "su" below.
de(
deh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate origin)
a. from
Mis padres vienen de Nicaragua.My parents are from Nicaragua.
2. (used to indicate material)
a. of
Esta mesa está hecha de plástico.This table is made of plastic.
3. (used to express possession)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Te recojo en el coche de mi padre.I'll come get you in my father's car.
¿Esa no es la casa de Susana?Isn't that Susana's house?
4. (used to indicate characteristics)
a. of
La comida era de gran calidad.The food was of great quality.
5. (used to indicate content)
a. of
Andrés siempre llevaba una bolsa de canicas.Andres always carried around a bag of marbles.
6. (with compound nouns)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Voy a comprar otro traje de baño para el verano.I'm going to buy another bathing suit for the summer.
Se usa la palanca de cambios para cambiar las marchas.You use the gear shift to change the gears.
7. (used to indicate time)
a. in
Es mejor trabajar de mañana.It is better to work in the morning.
8. (used to express cause)
a. with
Me sorprendí llorando de pena al pensar en él.I caught myself crying with sorrow when I thought of him.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
9. (letter)
a. d
¿Dijiste la letra de o te?Did you say the letter d or t?
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su(
soo
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (possessive)
a. his (third person masculine singular)
¿Hiciste su tarea por él?Did you do his homework for him?
b. her (third person feminine singular)
¿Sabes dónde está el cargador de su teléfono?Do you know where the charger is for her phone?
c. its (neuter, singular)
Esta es su perrera.This is its doghouse.
d. their (third person plural)
Esa es su cena. No la comas. That is their dinner. Don't eat it.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(used to address one person)
a. your (second person singular)
Nuestra casa es su casa.Our house is your house.
3. (used to address multiple people)
a. your (second person plural)
¿A qué hora vendrá a recogerlos su mamá?What time is your mom picking you up?
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