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Quick answer
"De" is a preposition which is often translated as "from", and "fijarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to pay attention". Learn more about the difference between "de" and "fijarse" below.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate origin)
a. from
Mis padres vienen de Nicaragua.My parents are from Nicaragua.
2. (used to indicate material)
a. of
Esta mesa está hecha de plástico.This table is made of plastic.
3. (used to express possession)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Te recojo en el coche de mi padre.I'll come get you in my father's car.
¿Esa no es la casa de Susana?Isn't that Susana's house?
4. (used to indicate characteristics)
a. of
La comida era de gran calidad.The food was of great quality.
5. (used to indicate content)
a. of
Andrés siempre llevaba una bolsa de canicas.Andres always carried around a bag of marbles.
6. (with compound nouns)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Voy a comprar otro traje de baño para el verano.I'm going to buy another bathing suit for the summer.
Se usa la palanca de cambios para cambiar las marchas.You use the gear shift to change the gears.
7. (used to indicate time)
a. in
Es mejor trabajar de mañana.It is better to work in the morning.
8. (used to express cause)
a. with
Me sorprendí llorando de pena al pensar en él.I caught myself crying with sorrow when I thought of him.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
9. (letter)
a. d
¿Dijiste la letra de o te?Did you say the letter d or t?
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A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to concentrate)
a. to pay attention
Fíjate bien en todo lo que dice y luego me lo cuentas.Pay close attention to everything he says and then tell me afterwards.
2. (to become aware of)
a. to notice
No me había fijado en el escalón y casi me caigo.I hadn't noticed the step and almost fell.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to put)
a. to fix
Tienes que fijar la lámpara al techo con los tornillos.You have to fix the lamp to the ceiling using the screws.
4. (to determine)
a. to fix
Antes de decidirnos por una estrategia, debemos fijar nuestros objetivos.We need to fix our objectives before deciding on any strategy.
b. to set
Nos falta fijar una hora para la entrevista.We have yet to set a time for the interview.
c. to establish
Ha fijado su residencia en Londres por cuestiones de trabajo.He has established his residence in London due to his job.
5. (to concentrate)
a. to fix
Para no perder el equilibrio, fija la mirada en un punto de la pared.In order not to lose your balance, fix your eyes on a point on the wall.
b. to focus
Ahora pasemos a fijar nuestra atención en aspectos de índole más práctica.Now let's focus on aspects of a more practical nature.
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