Quick answer
"Surveys" is a form of "survey", a noun which is often translated as "la encuesta". "Cast" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "lanzar". Learn more about the difference between "cast" and "surveys" below.
cast(
kahst
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to throw)
a. lanzar
The old man cast the bottle into the water.El viejo lanzó la botella al agua.
b. echar
It's your turn to cast the dice.Te toca a ti echar los dados.
c. arrojar
When we went to Michoacan, we saw how the fishermen in Janitzio cast their nets.Cuando fuimos a Michoacán, vimos como los pescadores en Janitzio arrojan sus redes.
d. tirar
The jilted groom cast the ring into the sea.El novio rechazado tiró el anillo al mar.
2. (to project)
a. proyectar (shadow)
The tree cast a big shadow.El árbol proyectaba una sombra enorme.
b. arrojar (light)
The evidence found by the detective cast some light on the murder.Las pruebas encontradas por el detective arrojaron algo de luz sobre el asesinato.
3. (to shed)
a. mudar
Look! That snake is casting its skin.¡Mira! Esa serpiente está mudando la piel.
4. (to predict)
a. echar
A fortune teller was casting horoscopes at the fair.Una adivina estaba echando el horóscopo en la feria.
5. (to mold)
a. vaciar (statue, clay)
This exhibit demonstrates an ancient method for casting bronze statues.Esta exhibición demuestra un método antiguo para vaciar estatuas de bronce.
b. fundir (metal)
Metal car parts are cast in this factory.Las piezas de metal para los coches se funden en esta fábrica.
6. (film, theater, television)
a. hacer el reparto de
They're already casting the new play.Ya hacen el reparto de la nueva obra.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (fishing)
a. lanzar
My father showed me how to cast when I was eight years old.Mi padre me enseñó a lanzar cuando tenía ocho años.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (film, theater, television)
a. el reparto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cast of the film included some very well-known actors.El reparto de la película incluía actores muy famosos.
9. (medicine)
a. la escayola
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Mary has broken her arm and will have to wear a cast for three months.Mary se ha roto el brazo y tendrá que llevar una escayola tres meses.
b. el yeso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The students signed their classmate's cast.Los alumnos firmaron el yeso de su compañero.
10. (tint)
a. tono
The sunlight gives an orange cast to the wall.El sol le da un tono anaranjado a la pared.
11. (appearance)
a. el aspecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Your beard gives a rakish cast to your facial features.Tu barba le da un aspecto desenvuelto a las facciones de tu cara.
12. (fishing)
a. el lanzamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Jules caught a fish on his first cast.Jules atrapó un pez en su primer lanzamiento.
13. (mold)
a. el molde
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cast broke when it fell on the floor.El molde se rompió al caer al suelo.
14. (casting)
a. la pieza fundida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The casts need to be packed carefully before they're shipped.Hay que empacar las piezas fundidas con mucho cuidado antes de enviarlas.
15. (of a worm)
a. el rastro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Look at the cast that worm left.Mira el rastro qué dejo ese gusano.
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survey(
suhr
-
vey
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (poll)
a. la encuesta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Customer satisfaction surveys help businesses retain clients.Las encuestas de satisfacción al cliente ayudan a los negocios a mantener a sus clientes.
b. el sondeo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A survey of young people shows that they know little about politics.Un sondeo de gente joven muestra que saben poco de la política.
2. (topography)
a. la medición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The survey of the lot shows that it is smaller than stated on the paperwork.La medición del solar muestra que es más pequeño que lo que consta en los papeles.
3. (inspection)
a. la inspección
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The civil engineers were called in to carry out a survey of the bridge.Llamaron a los ingenieros civiles para realizar una inspección del puente.
b. el peritaje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A survey is required to assess the property's condition and value.Se requiere un peritaje para valorar la condición y el valor de la propiedad.
c. el avalúo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The inspector is coming to finish the survey of the house tomorrow.El inspector viene mañana para terminar el avalúo de la casa.
4. (evaluation)
a. el estudio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Our survey looked at many different professions and activities.Nuestro estudio incluyó muchas profesiones y actividades diferentes.
5. (overview)
a. la visión de conjunto
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I would like to begin with a general survey of the situation as it currently stands.Quisiera comenzar con una visión de conjunto de la situación tal y como se encuentra en la actualidad.
b. la visión general
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This book presents a survey of Latin American literature in the 20th century.Este libro ofrece una visión general de la literatura latinoamericana del siglo XX.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to poll)
a. encuestar
A thousand married people were surveyed to see how happy they were.Se encuestó a un millar de casados para ver cuán felices eran.
7. (to look at)
a. contemplar
They stood in awe and surveyed the land that stretched before them.Se quedaron asombrados contemplando la tierra que se extendía ante ellos.
b. mirar
Jorge surveyed the field before taking the corner kick.Jorge miró la cancha antes de tirar el saque de esquina.
8. (to inspect)
a. inspeccionar
The experts surveyed the building and declared it unsafe.Los peritos inspeccionaron el edificio y tomaron la decisión de que no estaba seguro.
9. (topography)
a. levantar planos de
The lot was surveyed to determine where to position the house.Se levantaron planos del terreno para decidir dónde ubicar la casa.
b. medir
The builders have to survey the yard before they can build the fence.Los constructores tienen que medir el jardín antes de construir la reja.
10. (to study)
a. estudiar
This documentary surveys the care received by animals in circuses.Este documental estudia el cuidado que reciben los animales en los circos.
11. (to scrutinize)
a. escudriñar
The sculptor surveyed the work his apprentice had done.El escultor escudriño el trabajo que había hecho su aprendiz.
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