Quick answer
"Cast" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "lanzar", and "hurl" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "tirar". Learn more about the difference between "cast" and "hurl" below.
cast(
kahst
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to throw)
a. lanzar
The old man cast the bottle into the water.El viejo lanzó la botella al agua.
b. echar
It's your turn to cast the dice.Te toca a ti echar los dados.
c. arrojar
When we went to Michoacan, we saw how the fishermen in Janitzio cast their nets.Cuando fuimos a Michoacán, vimos como los pescadores en Janitzio arrojan sus redes.
d. tirar
The jilted groom cast the ring into the sea.El novio rechazado tiró el anillo al mar.
2. (to project)
a. proyectar (shadow)
The tree cast a big shadow.El árbol proyectaba una sombra enorme.
b. arrojar (light)
The evidence found by the detective cast some light on the murder.Las pruebas encontradas por el detective arrojaron algo de luz sobre el asesinato.
3. (to shed)
a. mudar
Look! That snake is casting its skin.¡Mira! Esa serpiente está mudando la piel.
4. (to predict)
a. echar
A fortune teller was casting horoscopes at the fair.Una adivina estaba echando el horóscopo en la feria.
5. (to mold)
a. vaciar (statue, clay)
This exhibit demonstrates an ancient method for casting bronze statues.Esta exhibición demuestra un método antiguo para vaciar estatuas de bronce.
b. fundir (metal)
Metal car parts are cast in this factory.Las piezas de metal para los coches se funden en esta fábrica.
6. (film, theater, television)
a. hacer el reparto de
They're already casting the new play.Ya hacen el reparto de la nueva obra.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (fishing)
a. lanzar
My father showed me how to cast when I was eight years old.Mi padre me enseñó a lanzar cuando tenía ocho años.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (film, theater, television)
a. el reparto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cast of the film included some very well-known actors.El reparto de la película incluía actores muy famosos.
9. (medicine)
a. la escayola
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Mary has broken her arm and will have to wear a cast for three months.Mary se ha roto el brazo y tendrá que llevar una escayola tres meses.
b. el yeso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The students signed their classmate's cast.Los alumnos firmaron el yeso de su compañero.
10. (tint)
a. tono
The sunlight gives an orange cast to the wall.El sol le da un tono anaranjado a la pared.
11. (appearance)
a. el aspecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Your beard gives a rakish cast to your facial features.Tu barba le da un aspecto desenvuelto a las facciones de tu cara.
12. (fishing)
a. el lanzamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Jules caught a fish on his first cast.Jules atrapó un pez en su primer lanzamiento.
13. (mold)
a. el molde
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cast broke when it fell on the floor.El molde se rompió al caer al suelo.
14. (casting)
a. la pieza fundida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The casts need to be packed carefully before they're shipped.Hay que empacar las piezas fundidas con mucho cuidado antes de enviarlas.
15. (of a worm)
a. el rastro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Look at the cast that worm left.Mira el rastro qué dejo ese gusano.
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hurl
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to throw)
a. tirar
The boy hurled a rock from a bridge and broke the window of a passing car.El niño tiró una piedra desde un puente y rompió la ventana de un auto que pasaba.
b. arrojar
Mark hurled himself out of an airplane. Fortunately he was wearing a parachute.Mark se arrojó de un avión. Afortunadamente, llevaba un paracaídas.
c. lanzar
Shelly hurled a spear at the target and hit it in the bullseye.Shelly lanzó una jabalina al blanco e hizo diana.
2. (to utter vehemently)
a. soltar
Do you really want to know, or do you just want to hurl insults?¿De veras quieres saber o solo quieres soltar insultos?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to vomit)
a. vomitar
Caitlyn started feeling sick when the plane hit some turbulence, and she hurled into a bag.Caitlyn empezó a sentirse mal cuando el avión atravesó una zona de turbulencias y vomitó en una bolsa.
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