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Quick answer
"By" is a preposition which is often translated as "por", and "get" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "conseguir". Learn more about the difference between "by" and "get" below.
by(
bay
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (indicating agent or cause)
a. por
The bridge was destroyed by the flood waters.El puente quedó destruido por las inundaciones.
The house was built by an architect.La casa fue construida por un arquitecto.
2. (indicating author or creator)
a. de
We're reading a book by Octavio Paz in Spanish class.Estamos leyendo un libro de Octavio Paz en la clase de español.
3. (indicating location)
a. junto a
The mayor built his house by the park.El alcalde construyó su casa junto al parque.
b. al lado de
I waited by the door until my name was called.Esperé al lado de la puerta hasta que me llamaron.
4. (indicating way or path)
a. por
The cowboy came by the old buffalo trail.El vaquero llegó por la vieja senda de los bisontes.
5. (indicating movement near)
a. por delante de
We drove by your house yesterday.Ayer pasamos por delante de tu casa.
6. (indicating short visit)
a. por
I’ll stop by the store and get some eggs.Pasaré por la tienda a comprar huevos.
7. (indicating final destination)
a. a
We’re going to go by my mom’s house for lunch on Saturday.Vamos a ir a la casa de mi mamá a comer el sábado.
8. (indicating time limit)
a. antes de
Since I wasn't home by 10, my dad will ground me.Como no llegué a casa antes de las 10, mi papá me va a castigar.
b. para
If the package hasn't arrived by Tuesday, we should contact the sender.Si no ha llegado el paquete para el martes, deberíamos contactar al remitente.
9. (indicating time span)
a. de
By day he's a tailor and by night he's a dancer.De día es sastre y de noche es bailarín.
10. (indicating means)
a. mediante
The energy produced by fusion is emitted as light.La energía producida mediante fusión se emite como luz.
b. por
The books are classified by subject.Los libros están clasificados por tema.
c. en (of transportation)
Would you rather go by car or by train?¿Preferirías ir en coche o en tren?
11. (according to)
a. según
It's noon by my watch.Es mediodía según mi reloj.
b. conforme a
By the new rules, there is no parking allowed near the fire station.Conforme a las nuevas normas, está prohibido estacionarse cerca de la estación de bomberos.
c. por
It's all right by me.Por mí no hay problema.
12. (mathematics)
a. por (multiplication)
Multiply three by twelve.Multiplica tres por doce.
b. entre (division)
Ten divided by five is two.Diez dividido entre cinco son dos.
13. (in compass directions)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The wind is blowing east by southeast.El viento sopla estesudeste.
We were sailing north by northwest.Navegábamos en dirección nornoroeste.
14. (in measurements)
a. por
The new deck will measure ten feet by eight feet.Le nueva plataforma tendrá una medida de diez pies por ocho.
15. (indicating rate or amount)
a. por
Are you paid by the hour or by the job?¿Te pagan por hora o por trabajo?
She broke the record by two seconds.Batió el récord por dos segundos.
b. en (with percentages)
The price has gone up by 50%.El precio ha subido en un 50%.
16. (with gerund)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
She ended by thanking everyone who had helped.Terminó dando las gracias a todos los que habían ayudado.
They lowered their prices a lot, and by doing so they expected to fill the store with customers.Bajaron muchísimo los precios, y con esto pretendían llenar la tienda de clientes.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
17. (nearby)
a. cerca
Is the police station close by?¿Está cerca la comisaría?
18. (past)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Our neighbor passed by without saying hello.Nuestro vecino pasó sin saludarnos.
You don’t own the street. Let me by!No eres dueño de la calle. ¡Déjame pasar!
19. (on a short visit)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'll stop by later.Me paso más tarde por ahí.
Your dad came by today.Tu papá pasó por aquí hoy.
20. (on one side)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Can you keep the dress by for me? I’ll come back and pay for it later.¿Me puede apartar el vestido? Volveré luego a pagarlo.
I have a little money put by for emergencies.Tengo ahorrado un poco de dinero para emergencias.
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get(
geht
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to obtain)
a. conseguir
Only a fraction of students can get a place at the university.Solo una parte de los estudiantes conseguirá una plaza en la universidad.
b. obtener
You can get more information on our webpage.Puedes obtener más información en nuestra página web.
2. (to purchase)
a. comprar
Don't forget to get milk when you go to the grocery store.No olvides de comprar leche cuando vayas al supermercado.
3. (to receive)
a. recibir
I didn't get any notification that my package arrived.No recibí ninguna notificación de que había llegado mi paquete.
4. (to fetch)
a. traer
Get me a glass of water, please.Tráeme un vaso de agua, por favor.
5. (to possess; used with "have")
a. tener
She collects antique cars and has got three of them.Ella colecciona carros antiguos y tiene tres.
6. (to understand)
a. entender
I didn't get a word of it.No entendí ni una palabra.
7. (to cause to do)
a. conseguir que
She got me to stop drinking.Consiguió que dejara de beber.
8. (to annoy)
a. molestar
Stupidity really gets me.La estupidez me molesta de verdad.
9. (must; used with "have")
a. tener que
I have got to clean the house today.Hoy tengo que limpiar la casa.
10. (to call)
a. llamar
Quick, get an ambulance!¡Rápido, llame una ambulancia!
11. (to be sentenced to)
a. echar
He got five years for insider trading.Le echaron cinco años por tráfico de información privilegiada.
12. (with inmaterial things)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I got such a fright that I wasn't able to get much sleep!¡Me pegué tal susto que no pude dormir mucho!
I think he got the wrong idea.Creo que se llevó la idea equivocada.
13. (to be paid)
a. conseguir
How much did you get for the camera?¿Cuánto has conseguido por la cámara?
b. cobrar
I get $80 per hour.Cobro $80 por hora.
14. (to suffer)
a. tener
She gets constant headaches.Tiene dolores de cabeza continuos.
15. (to have something done for you)
a. llevar a
I must get my watch repaired.Tengo que llevar el reloj a arreglar.
b. ir a
Where do you get your hair cut?¿Dónde vas a cortarte el pelo?
16. (to score)
a. sacar
He got straight As.Sacó sobresaliente en todas las asignaturas.
17. (to fall ill with)
a. pillar
I've got a terrible cold.Pillé un resfriado terrible.
18. (to answer)
a. contestar (telephone)
Can you get the phone, please?¿Puede contestar el teléfono, por favor?
b. abrir (door)
I'll get the door.Ya abro yo.
19. (to hit)
a. dar
The bullet got him in the hand.La bala le dio en la mano.
20. (to grab transportation)
a. tomar
It's not far, but let's get a taxi anyway.No está lejos, pero tomemos un taxi de todas formas.
b. coger
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Where can we get a bus?¿Dónde podemos coger un autobús?
21. (to grab)
a. agarrar
I got the dog by the scruff of the neck.Agarré el perro por el pescuezo.
b. coger
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
I managed to get him before he fell.Conseguí cogerlo antes de que se cayera.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
22. (to have the opportunity)
a. tener la oportunidad
My mother was very intelligent, but she didn't get to go to university.Mi madre era muy inteligente, pero no tuvo la oportunidad de ir a la universidad.
23. (to arrive)
a. llegar
When are we getting to the airport?¿Cuándo vamos a llegar al aeropuerto?
24. (to become)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Don't get mad at me.No te enfades conmigo.
We should start thinking about dinner. It's getting very late.Deberíamos empezar a pensar en la cena. Se está haciendo muy tarde.
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