refrained
Past participle ofrefrain. There are other translations for this conjugation.

refrain

refrain(
rih
-
freyn
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
1. (to keep from doing; often used with "from")
a. abstenerse de
You should refrain from telling people what they did wrong unless they ask.Debes abstenerte de andar señalándole a la gente sus errores, a menos que te lo pidan.
b. contener
Alexandra tried to refrain from laughing, but Ariadna looked too funny.Alexandra trató de contener la risa, pero Ariadna se veía demasiado chistosa.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Please refrain from smoking in the theater.Se ruega no fumar en el teatro.
We would appreciate if you refrain from using your cellphone in the waiting room.Agradecemos no usar su celular en la sala de espera.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
noun
2. (repeated phrase)
a. el estribillo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Everyone joined in singing the refrain.Todo el mundo se unió para cantar el estribillo.
b. la cantinela
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
Once again we are hearing the same tired refrains from the politicians.Una vez más estamos escuchando las mismas cantinelas manidas de los políticos.
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refrain
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
Noun
1. (musical)
a. el estribillo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
2. (fig)
a. la cantinela
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
(repeated comment)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (general)
a. abstenerse
to refrain from commentabstenerse de hacer comentarios
please refrain from talking/smokingse ruega guardar silencio/no fumar
refrain [rɪˈfreɪn]
intransitive verb
to refrain from sth/from doing sth abstenerse de algo/de hacer algo; I couldn't refrain from laughing no pude contener la risa
refrain [rɪˈfreɪn]
noun
(Mús) estribillo (m)
his constant refrain is ... siempre está con la misma canción ...
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Examples
Machine Translators
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Conjugations
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