draft
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Usage note
This word may also be spelled "draught" when used in contexts like those shown in 2) and 5) - 9).
draft(
drahft
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (preliminary version)
a. el borrador
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in writing)
I only had the draft of my dissertation prepared.Tenía preparado solamente el borrador de mi tesis.
b. el boceto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in drawing)
The museum exhibited drafts made in pencil of famous artists' works.El museo expuso bocetos hechos a lápiz de trabajos de artistas conocidos.
2. (wind)
a. la corriente
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Would you mind closing the window? There's a draft.¿Te importaría cerrar la ventana? Hay corriente.
b. la corriente de aire
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Never leave the baby unattended and avoid drafts.Nunca deje al bebé desatendido y evite las corrientes de aire.
3. (finance)
a. el giro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I was expecting a draft before the end of the day.Esperaba que llegara un giro durante el día de hoy.
b. el efecto bancario
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They usually paid by draft on a bank in Boston.Solían pagar por medio de efectos bancarios de un banco en Boston.
4. (military)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el llamamiento a filas
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He managed to escape the draft during the war in Vietnam.Consiguió evitar el llamamiento a filas durante la guerra de Vietnam.
b. el reclutamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Young fellows were issued a draft card.A los jóvenes se les proporcionaba una cartilla de reclutamiento.
5. (beer)
a. la cerveza de barril
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The brewery offers 32 different kinds of drafts.La cervecería sirve 32 tipos distintos de cerveza de barril.
6. (nautical)
a. el calado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The yacht had a draft of six feet.El yate tenía seis pies de calado.
7. (drink)
a. el trago
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He drank the beer in long drafts, as if he couldn't get enough.Se bebió la cerveza a grandes tragos, como si no pudiera saciarse.
8. (medicine)
a. la dosis
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The doctor gave her a draft of morphine for the pain.El médico le dio una dosis de morfina para el dolor.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
9. (related to animals)
a. de tiro
Most draft horses are used for driving carriages.La mayoría de los caballos de tiro se emplean para conducir coches.
10. (preliminary)
a. provisional
He gave the producer a draft version of the script.Le dio al productor una versión provisional del guion.
b. preliminar
We will send the board a draft proposal.Enviaremos al consejo una propuesta preliminar.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
11. (to write)
a. redactar el borrador de (a document)
They had drafted a contract they wanted me to sign.Habían redactado el borrador de un contrato que querían que firmara.
b. preparar (a speech)
Have you drafted your speech for the wedding reception yet?¿Has preparado ya tu discurso para el banquete de bodas?
12. (military)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. llamar a filas
He was drafted into the army when he was 18.Al cumplir los 18 años lo llamaron a filas.
b. reclutar
His grandfather was drafted to fight in the Civil War.Su abuelo fue reclutado para combatir en la Guerra Civil.
13. (sports)
a. seleccionar
He was drafted by the Chicago Bulls.Fue seleccionado por los Bulls de Chicago.
14. (to draw)
a. delinear
We need to draft the plans for the office extension in time for next week's meeting with the clients.Tenemos que delinear los planes para la ampliación de la oficina para la reunión con los clientes la semana que viene.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
draft
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (wind)
a. la corriente (de aire)
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
draft excluderburlete m
2. (drink)
a. el trago
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
on draftde barril
draft beercerveza de barril
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
draft [drɑːft]
noun
1 (outline) (in writing) borrador (m); (drawing) boceto (m)
2 (Mil) (detachment) destacamento (m); (reinforcements) refuerzos (m)
the draft (US) (Mil) (conscription) la llamada a filas; el servicio militar
3 (Comm) (also banker's draft) letra (f) de cambio; giro (m)
4 (Comput) borrador (m)
5 (US)
transitive verb
1 (also draft out) [+document] (write) redactar; [+first attempt] hacer un borrador de; [+scheme] elaborar; trazar
2 (Mil) (for specific duty) destacar; (send) mandar;to a; (conscript) (US) reclutar; llamar al servicio militar; forzar; obligar
modifier
draft agreement (n) proyecto (m) de (un) acuerdo
draft bill (n) anteproyecto (m) de ley
draft board (n) (US) (Mil) junta (f) de reclutamiento
draft card (n) (US) (Mil) cartilla (f) militar
draft dodger (n) (US) (Mil) prófugo (m)
draft excluder (n) (US) burlete (m)
draft law (n)
draft bill See culture box in entry draft.
draft horse (US) (n) caballo (m) de tiro
draft letter (n) borrador (m) de carta; (more formal) proyecto (m) de carta
draft version (n) versión (f) preliminar
draught
draft (US)
[drɑːft]
noun
1 [of air] corriente (f) de aire; (for fire) tiro (m)
there's a draught from the window entra corriente por la ventana
to feel the draught pasar apuros (económicos)
2 (drink) trago (m)
he took a long draught of cider se echó un buen trago de sidra; at one draught de un trago; on draught de barril
3 (Med) dosis (f)
4 (Náut) calado (m)
modifier
draught beer (n) cerveza (f) de barril
draught excluder (n) burlete (m)
draught horse (n) caballo (m) de tiro
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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