Gerunds in Spanish
In English, the term present participle is used to refer to verbal elements or -ing adjectives, such as swimming in the examples below.
|I am swimming.|
|Where did you buy those swimming shorts?|
Just to be super clear about the differences between certain grammatical terms in Spanish and English, here are the translations for a few tricky ones.
- present participle = gerundio
- past participle = participio
- gerund = no direct translation
When to Use Gerundios
In Progressive Tenses with Estar
Gerundios form the second part of progressive tenses formed with estar.
To Express Ongoing Actions
Gerundios can function as adverbs, modifying the action of another verb in the same phrase.
When NOT to Use Gerundios
Remember that English gerunds are often translated into Spanish as an infinitive.
|I like speaking Spanish.|
|Seeing is believing.|
|Running is good for your health.|
|I bought myself some running shoes.|
|Who does that crying baby belong to?|