Quick answer
"Weight" is a noun which is often translated as "el peso", and "thrust" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "empujar". Learn more about the difference between "weight" and "thrust" below.
weight(
weyt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (heaviness)
a. el peso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I put on some weight last Christmas.Subí un poco de peso las pasadas Navidades.
2. (for exercise)
a. la pesa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He goes to the gym to lift weights three times a week.Él va al gimnasio a levantar pesas tres veces a la semana.
3. (burden)
a. el peso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The athlete said he felt like a weight had been lifted when he won the championship.El atleta dijo que sentía que se le había quitado un peso de encima cuando ganó el campeonato.
b. la carga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Finding a new job has taken a huge weight off my shoulders.Haber conseguido un nuevo trabajo me ha quitado tremenda carga de encima.
4. (importance)
a. el peso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
His opinion carries a lot of weight in the company.Su opinión tiene mucho peso dentro de la empresa.
5. (in clocks)
a. la pesa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You need to have the weights in this grandfather clock replaced.Necesita cambiar las pesas en este reloj de pie.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to add weight to)
a. poner peso a
Do you know any tricks to weight the curtains and stop them from blowing away?¿Conoces algún truco para ponerle peso a las cortinas y evitar que se vuelen?
7. (to hold down)
a. sujetar
The wind was so strong I had to weight the tablecloth with a jug.El viento era tan fuerte que tuve que sujetar el mantel con una jarra.
8. (to have a bias against)
a. perjudicar a
The new economic measures are weighted against the middle class.Las nuevas medidas económicas perjudican a la clase media.
b. beneficiar a
The law should be weighted in favor of the weaker.La ley debería beneficiar a los más débiles.
9. (mathematics)
a. ponderar
The chart shows how the variables were weighted in our analysis.La tabla muestra cómo se ponderaron las variables en nuestro análisis.
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thrust(
thruhst
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to push with force)
a. empujar
The police thrust the battering ram against the door.La policía empujó el ariete contra la puerta.
b. sacar
The peacock thrust out its chest and puffed its feathers to attract a mate.El pavo real sacó el pecho y desplegó sus plumas para atraer una compañera.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I thrust my way through the crowded concert venue to the front row.Me abrí paso a empujones por la sala de conciertos hasta la primera fila.
The captors overpowered him and thrust him into the car.Los secuestradores lo redujeron y lo metieron en el carro a empujones.
2. (to cause to enter by pushing; used with "into")
a. meter
The pirate thrust his sword into its sheath.El pirata metió la espada en la vaina.
b. introducir
He angrily thrust the key into the lock and stormed into the apartment.Enojado, introdujo la llave en la cerradura y entró furiosamente al departamento.
c. hincar
The soldier solemnly thrust the flagpole into the ground.El soldado hincó solemnemente el asta de la bandera en el suelo.
d. clavar
The campers thrust spikes into the ground to pitch their tents.Los campistas clavaron estacas en la tierra para montar sus tiendas.
3. (to burden; used with "on" or "upon")
a. imponer
I don't mean to thrust these responsibilites on you, but nobody else can take care of them now.No quiero imponerte estas responsabilidades, pero nadie más puede encargarse de ellas ahora.
b. endilgar
I can't believe my manager thrust those difficult customers on me.No puedo creer que mi gerente me endilgara esos clientes difíciles.
c. encajar
She had more responsibilities thrusted upon her.Le encajaron más responsabilidades.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to lunge at somebody)
a. dar estocadas
The fencer thrust at his opponent with his sword.El esgrimista le dio estocadas a su oponente con su espada.
5. (to make space)
a. abrirse paso
The missionaries thrusted through the jungle to reach their next destination.Los misioneros se abrieron paso por la selva para llegar a su próximo destino.
b. apartar de un empujón
He thrust past me to run to her side.Me apartó de un empujón para correr a su lado.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (act of thrusting)
a. la estocada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With a final thrust of his sword, he was able to get his enemy off of him.Con una estocada final de la espada, pudo quitarse el enemigo de encima.
b. el empujón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We tried to give our neighbor's car a thrust when it got stuck in the snow.Tratamos de darle al carro de nuestro vecino un empujón cuando se quedó en la nieve.
7. (military)
a. la ofensiva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
When attempts to negotiate didn't work, we launched a thrust against the enemy.Cuando los intentos de negociar no funcionaron, lanzamos una ofensiva contra el enemigo.
8. (theme)
a. la idea central
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Please pay attention or you'll never get the thrust of what I'm saying.Por favor, presta atención o nunca vas a entender la idea central de lo que estoy diciendo.
9. (architecture)
a. el empuje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Vertical supports on either side of the arch should counteract the thrust.Los soportes verticales a cada lado del arco deben contrarrestar el empuje.
10. (aviation and nautical)
a. la propulsión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There should be enough fuel in the rocket to provide sufficient thrust for the length of its trajectory.Debe haber bastante combustible en el cohete para proporcionar propulsión suficiente para la longitud de su trayectoria.
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