Quick answer
"Be" is a copular verb which is often translated as "ser", and "go" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "ir". Learn more about the difference between "be" and "go" below.
be(
bi
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to indicate a permanent quality)
a. ser
The ocean is blue.El océano es azul.
2. (used to indicate a temporary state)
a. estar
I'm not in a good mood today.Hoy no estoy de buen humor.
The sky is cloudy.El cielo está nublado.
3. (followed by a noun)
a. ser
France is a member of the European Union.Francia es un miembro de la Unión Europea.
4. (used to indicate a profession or occupation)
a. ser
What do you do for a living? - I'm a doctor.¿A qué te dedicas? - Soy médico.
5. (used with dates)
a. ser
My birthday is July 26th.Mi cumpleaños es el 26 de julio.
b. estamos a (present day)
Today is Thursday.Hoy estamos a jueves.
6. (imperative mood)
a. ser
Be polite with guests.Sé educado con los invitados.
b. estar
Be quiet, and don't move!¡Estate callado y no te muevas!
7. (used to indicate age)
a. tener
My brother is 30 years old.Mi hermano tiene 30 años.
8. (to cost)
a. costar
One pizza and two drinks are $15.Una pizza y dos bebidas cuestan $15.
b. ser
Shipping is three dollars.El envío es tres dólares.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (to take place)
a. ser
The party is at my place.La fiesta es en mi casa.
10. (to be present)
a. estar
My sister is in her room.Mi hermana está en su habitación.
11. (to visit; used with the present perfect)
a. estar
I've been to New York three times.He estado en Nueva York tres veces.
b. venir
The mailman has been here, but he didn't bring your package.El cartero ha venido, pero no trajo tu paquete.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
12. (to exist)
a. haber
There are no trees on our road.No hay árboles en nuestra calle.
13. (used to indicate time)
a. ser
It is bedtime.Es hora de ir a dormir.
14. (used to refer to the weather)
a. hacer
It's too windy to go up in a balloon.Hace demasiado viento para ir en globo.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
15. (with tenses of continuous action)
a. estar
I am reading a book.Estoy leyendo un libro.
16. (with the passive voice)
a. ser
The church was built in 1900.La iglesia fue construida en 1900.
17. (when substituting a verb)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm going to the party. - So am I.Voy a la fiesta. - Yo también.
It is a lovely day, isn't it?Es un día precioso, ¿verdad?
18. (with infinitive constructions)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I don't know how much salt is to be added to the sauce.No sé cuánta sal hay que añadir a la salsa.
The assignment is to be done by next Thursday.La tarea tiene que estar para el jueves que viene.
19. (used to indicate the future)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
My baby is due in three months.Mi bebé nacerá dentro de tres meses.
Tomorrow, I'm going to the dentist.Mañana voy al dentista.
20. (in conditional sentences)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Had it not been for his family, he would have never become an artist.Si no fuera por su familia, nunca habría sido artista.
If I were you, I would not go.Yo en tu lugar, no iría.
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go(
go
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to move or travel)
a. ir
Does this bus go to the city center?¿Va este bus al centro de la ciudad?
Go to your room.Ve a tu habitación.
2. (to leave)
a. irse (person)
Please don't go!¡Por favor, no te vayas!
b. marcharse (person)
They decided it was time to go.Decidieron que era hora de marcharse.
c. salir (bus, train)
What time does this train go?¿A qué hora sale este tren?
3. (to progress)
a. ir
I hope everything goes well for you in the new job.Espero que todo te vaya bien en el trabajo nuevo.
4. (to become)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Carla went white with fear.Carla se puso blanca de miedo.
The fans went crazy when the band came on stage.Los fans se enloquecieron cuando el grupo salió al escenario.
5. (to lead)
a. ir
The path goes to the church.El camino va a la iglesia.
6. (to extend)
a. llegar
The water went up to my waist.El agua me llegó hasta la cintura.
b. extenderse
The woods go down to the river.El bosque se extiende hasta el río.
7. (to pass time)
a. pasar
Time goes by quickly when you're having fun.El tiempo pasa rápido cuando te diviertes.
8. (to be left)
a. quedar
Only three more exams to go now!¡Ya sólo quedan tres exámenes!
9. (to function)
a. funcionar
Is the motor going?¿Funciona el motor?
10. (to fit)
a. caber
Your luggage won't go in the car trunk.Tu equipaje no cabe en el maletero del coche.
11. (to be sold)
a. venderse
The painting went for $1.5 million.El cuadro se vendió en 1.5 millones de dólares.
12. (to go to the toilet)
a. ir al baño
She had bladder problems and needed to go all the time.Tenía problemas de la vejiga y tenía que ir al baño constantemente.
13. (to say)
a. decir
How does the song go?¿Cómo dice la canción?
14. (to be the rule)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Anything goes in that household.Todo vale en esa casa.
What I say goes.Yo soy la que manda aquí.
15. (to die)
a. llegar la hora
When I go, I don't want a big funeral.Cuando me llegue la hora, no quiero un gran funeral.
16. (to be consumed)
a. irse
Almost half of my salary goes to taxes.Casi la mitad de mi sueldo se va en impuestos.
17. (to move quickly)
a. correr
This motorbike can really go.Esta moto sí que corre.
18. (to disappear)
a. desaparecer
When she got back home, her husband was gone.Cuando volvió a casa, su marido había desaparecido.
b. pasarse
My headache has gone now.Ya se me ha pasado el dolor de cabeza.
19. (to cease to function)
a. irse
My voice has gone.Se me ha ido la voz.
b. estropearse
The computer went due to old age.La computadora se estropeó porque es vieja.
20. (to dispose of)
a. deshacerse de
All your old clothes have to go if you want to buy more.Tienes que deshacerte de toda tu ropa vieja si quieres comprar más.
21. (to have a place)
a. ir
Where do these plates go?¿Dónde van estos platos?
22. (to be)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I won't let my children go hungry.No voy a dejar que mi hijos pasen hambre.
Their pleas went unheard.Sus súplicas no fueron atendidas.
23. (to be available)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'll have whatever's going.Tomaré lo que haya.
There's plenty of beer going around if you're interested.Hay mucha cerveza por aquí si quieres.
24. (to continue)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
How many years has the choir been going?¿Cuántos años lleva funcionando el coro?
She would go for days without seeing another soul.Pasaba días enteros sin ver a un alma.
25. (to sound; with "off")
a. sonar
The alarm goes off if someone forces the door.La alarma suena cuando alguien fuerza la puerta.
26. (to be destined)
a. pasar (inheritance)
My house will go to my son when I die.Mi casa pasará a mi hijo cuando muera.
b. llevarse
First prize went to a graphic designer.El primer premio se lo llevó un diseñador gráfico.
27. (to match)
a. pegar
Pink and orange don't really go.El rosa y el naranja no pegan.
b. ir
I don't think fish and red wine go.Para mí, el pescado y el vino tinto no van.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
28. (to travel)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
We went 70 miles in one day.Hicimos 70 millas en un día.
We'll go this way because there is less traffic.Seguiremos este camino porque hay menos tráfico.
29.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to say)
a. decir
"I told you not to do it!", she went."¡Te dije que no lo hicieras!", dijo.
30. (to make the sound of)
a. hacer
The champagne cork went "pop."El corcho del champán hizo "pum".
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
31. (to express future intention)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Don't touch that! - I wasn't going to.¡No toques eso! - No pensaba hacerlo.
I'm going to mow the lawn this afternoon.Voy a cortar el césped esta tarde.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
32. (energy)
a. el brío
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was full of go and new ideas.Estaba lleno de brío y de nuevas ideas.
33. (try)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Can I have another go?¿Puedo intentarlo otra vez?
She did it in one go.Lo logró al primer intento.
34. (turn)
a. el turno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's the yellow piece's go.Es el turno de la ficha amarilla.
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