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Quick answer
"Upon" is a preposition which is often translated as "en", and "down" is an adverb which is often translated as "abajo". Learn more about the difference between "upon" and "down" below.
upon(
uh
-
pan
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (on)
a. en
He put his hand upon my hip and we danced.Puso su mano en mi cadera y bailamos.
b. sobre
I placed candles upon the mantel.Coloqué velas sobre la repisa.
2. (about)
a. sobre
She informed the audience of her thoughts upon the issue.Ella informó a la audiencia de sus pensamientos sobre el tema.
3. (immediately after)
a. al
Upon realizing what the situation was, he left.Al darse cuenta de la situación, se fue.
b. en cuanto
Upon seeing the body, she began to cry.En cuanto vio el cuerpo, se puso a llorar.
c. tras
Upon the president's arrival, the national anthem was sung.Tras la llegada del presidente, se cantó el himno nacional.
4. (used to indicate large amounts)
a. y
Thousands upon thousands of dead fish appeared on the beach.Aparecieron miles y miles de peces muertos en la playa.
b. tras
He drank beer upon beer until he passed out.Bebió una cerveza tras otra hasta que se desmayó.
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down(
daun
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (vertical direction)
a. abajo
She lives two floors down.Ella vive dos pisos más abajo.
2. (in exclamations)
a. abajo
Down with the government!¡Abajo el gobierno!
b. baja
Down, Fido! Get off of that sofa!¡Bájate, Fido! ¡Bájate del sofá!
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
3. (direction)
a. por
You can go down the service stairs.Puedes irte por la escalera de servicio.
4. (along)
a. por
They walked down the avenue holding hands.Caminaron por la avenida tomados de la mano.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (sad)
a. deprimido
I'm a bit down because my grandfather is sick.Estoy un poco deprimido porque mi abuelo está enfermo.
6. (not functioning)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The website has been down for three hours.El sitio web lleva tres horas sin funcionar.
We pay an arm and a leg, and the internet is always down!Pagamos un ojo de la cara y, ¡el internet nunca funciona!
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (material)
a. el plumón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I can't use a comforter made with down because I'm a vegan.No puedo usar un edredón de plumón porque soy vegana.
8. (hair)
a. el vello
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on body)
The down on the back of his neck is blond.El vello que tiene en la nuca es rubio.
b. el bozo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on face)
That stuff on your upper lip is more down than a real mustache.Eso que tienes encima del labio es más bozo que un bigote verdadero.
9. (American football)
a. el down
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That's a first down for Washington.Es un primer down para Washington.
b. la oportunidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They haven't converted a third down all game.No han convertido una tercera oportunidad en todo el partido.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to cause to fall)
a. derribar
They downed the enemy aircraft with one shot.Derribaron el avión del enemigo con un solo disparo.
11. (to drink quickly)
a. terminar
He downed the soda and ran out the door.Terminó el refresco y salió corriendo por la puerta.
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