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Quick answer
"Upon" is a preposition which is often translated as "en", and "above" is a preposition which is often translated as "sobre". Learn more about the difference between "upon" and "above" below.
upon(
uh
-
pan
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (on)
a. en
He put his hand upon my hip and we danced.Puso su mano en mi cadera y bailamos.
b. sobre
I placed candles upon the mantel.Coloqué velas sobre la repisa.
2. (about)
a. sobre
She informed the audience of her thoughts upon the issue.Ella informó a la audiencia de sus pensamientos sobre el tema.
3. (immediately after)
a. al
Upon realizing what the situation was, he left.Al darse cuenta de la situación, se fue.
b. en cuanto
Upon seeing the body, she began to cry.En cuanto vio el cuerpo, se puso a llorar.
c. tras
Upon the president's arrival, the national anthem was sung.Tras la llegada del presidente, se cantó el himno nacional.
4. (used to indicate large amounts)
a. y
Thousands upon thousands of dead fish appeared on the beach.Aparecieron miles y miles de peces muertos en la playa.
b. tras
He drank beer upon beer until he passed out.Bebió una cerveza tras otra hasta que se desmayó.
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above(
uh
-
buhv
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (over)
a. sobre
There was a lovely painting of a summer sky above the table.Había un lindo cuadro de un cielo veraniego sobre la mesa.
b. encima de
There was a huge spider walking above the doorway.Había una araña enorme caminado encima de la puerta.
c. arriba de
The airplanes were flying above the Washington Monument.Los aviones volaban arriba del Monumento a Washington.
2. (more than)
a. más de
All children above five years of age are required to attend school.Todos los niños de más de cinco años de edad deben asistir a la escuela.
b. por encima de
The price of milk in that store is always above four dollars.El precio de la leche en esa tienda siempre está por encima de cuatro dólares.
3. (superior in status)
a. por encima de
You must obey his orders because he is above you.Tienes que obedecer sus órdenes porque está por encima de ti.
4. (morally superior)
a. por encima de
You'll have to excuse me; I am above petty matters like these.Me tendrán que disculpar; estoy por encima de asuntos insignificantes como estos.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (higher)
a. arriba
There were several archers aiming at us from above.Había varios arqueros apuntándonos desde arriba.
6. (superior in status)
a. de rango superior
All officers from lieutenant and above are required to attend.Todos los oficiales desde el teniente hasta los de rango superior deben asistir.
7. (before)
a. arriba (in a text)
As can be seen above, this contract includes several ambiguously worded clauses.Como se puede ver arriba, este contrato incluye varias cláusulas redactadas de manera ambigua.
8. (more than)
a. para arriba
For those patrons who are 60 and above, we have senior discounts.Para los clientes de 60 para arriba, tenemos descuentos de la tercera edad.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
9. (occurring before)
a. de arriba
The above picture was taken in 1865.La foto de arriba se tomó en el año 1865.
10. (aforementioned)
a. sobredicho
The above example illustrates the necessity for climate change policies.El ejemplo sobredicho demuestra la necesidad de políticas de cambio climático.
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