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Quick answer
"Until" is a preposition which is often translated as "hasta", and "from" is a preposition which is often translated as "de". Learn more about the difference between "until" and "from" below.
until(
uhn
-
tihl
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (up till)
a. hasta
I will stay at their house until Sunday.Me quedaré en su casa hasta el domingo.
2. (before)
a. hasta
We don't close until 8pm. If you hurry, you'll make it.No cerramos hasta las 8pm. Si te apuras, todavía llegas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
3. (up till)
a. hasta que
Until he left his country, he had never felt homesick for his mother's cooking.Hasta que se fue de su país, no había sentido nostalgia por la comida de su mamá.
4. (before)
a. hasta que
You can't go out tonight until you finish your homework.No podrás salir esta noche hasta que no termines tus deberes.
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from(
fruhm
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (in space)
a. de
The plane from Madrid arrives at 3 pm.El avión de Madrid llega a las 3 pm.
b. desde
I drove from the lake to my house.Conduje desde el lago hasta mi casa.
2. (in time)
a. desde
From that day onwards, they were inseparable.Desde aquel día, fueron inseparables.
3. (used to indicate source)
a. de
Don't drink water from the hose!¡No bebas agua de la manguera!
I'm from San Juan, Puerto Rico.Soy de San Juan, Puerto Rico.
4. (used to indicate distance)
a. de
The car stopped just two meters from the finish line.El auto se detuvo a sólo dos metros de la meta.
5. (used to indicate range)
a. de
The trip can take from 30 to 45 minutes, depending on traffic.El viaje puede tardar de 30 a 45 minutos, según el tráfico.
6. (used to indicate removal)
a. de
He was dismissed from his post.Lo despidieron de su cargo.
7. (used to indicate cause)
a. de
He died from a brain tumor.Murió de un tumor cerebral.
8. (used to indicate prevention)
a. de
The plants need to be protected from frost.Hay que proteger las plantas de las heladas.
9. (in comparisons)
a. de
My situation is different from yours.Mi situación es diferente de la tuya.
10. (mathematics)
a. menos
25 from 50 is 25.50 menos 25 es 25.
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