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Quick answer
"Unsweetened" is an adjective which is often translated as "sin azúcar", and "sweeten" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "endulzar". Learn more about the difference between "unsweetened" and "sweeten" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (culinary)
a. sin azúcar (without sugar)
I'd like a glass of unsweetened iced tea.Quiero un vaso de té helado sin azúcar.
b. sin edulcorantes (without sweeteners)
I prefer unsweetened drinks.Prefiero las bebidas sin edulcorantes.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to add sweetener to)
a. endulzar
I sweeten my porridge with honey rather than sugar.Prefiero endulzar mi avena con miel antes que con azúcar.
b. azucarar
If you sweeten tea, it takes the taste of the tea away.Si azucaras el té, le quita el sabor de té.
c. edulcorar
Aspartame is used to sweeten many types of soft drink.Se usa aspartamo para edulcorar muchos tipos de refresco.
2. (to make more acceptable)
a. hacer más atractivo
Management sweetened their pay offer with a onetime bonus of $1,000.Los patrones hicieron más atractiva su oferta salarial con un pago adicional excepcional de $1,000.
3. (to freshen)
a. refrescar
Phil chewed a mint to sweeten his breath.Phil mascó una menta para refrescar el aliento.
4. (to soften)
a. ablandar (a person)
You needn't think you can sweeten me with bunches of flowers and chocolates!¡No creas que puedes ablandarme con ramos de flores y chocolates!
b. aplacar (somebody's temper)
Having to wait half an hour in the pouring rain isn't likely to sweeten his temper.Es muy poco probable que el tener que esperar media hora bajo una lluvia torrencial le aplaque el mal humor.
5. (to make more agreeable)
a. endulzar
Derek's old age was sweetened by memories of times past.Los recuerdos de los viejos tiempos endulzaron la vejez de Derek.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to become sweeter)
a. volverse dulce
Terry sweetened when he saw that they weren't going to object.Terry se volvió dulce cuando se dio cuenta de que no iban a poner objeciones.
b. endulzarse
The smell of the flowers sweetens in the summer heat.El aroma de las flores se endulza con el calor del verano.
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