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"Sustantivo" is an adjective which is often translated as "substantive", and "quedarse" is a reflexive verb which is often translated as "to stay". Learn more about the difference between "sustantivo" and "quedarse" below.
sustantivo(
soos
-
tahn
-
tee
-
boh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (essential)
a. substantive
Hay diferencias substantivas entre las atmósferas de Marte y Venus.There are substantive differences between the atmospheres of Mars and Venus.
b. substantial
Nuestra jefa ha invertido una cantidad sustantiva de dinero en el proyecto.Our boss has invested a substantial sum of money in the project.
c. fundamental
La enseñanza de la tolerancia es un paso sustantivo en el desarrollo de una sociedad cooperativa.Teaching tolerance is a fundamental step in developing a cooperative society.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (grammar)
a. noun
"Gato" y "perro" son sustantivos."Cat" and "dog" are nouns.
b. substantive (formal)
Estudiamos los diferentes tipos de sustantivos en mi clase de sintaxis.We studied the different types of substantives in my syntax class.
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quedarse(
keh
-
dahr
-
seh
)
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
1. (to remain in a place)
a. to stay
Nuestros primos se quedaron con nosotros durante la Navidad.Our cousins stayed with us over Christmas.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (to retain)
a. to keep
No te puedes quedar con lo que no es tuyo.You can't keep what is not yours.
3. (to recall)
a. to remember
No se me queda la lección después de haberla aprendido.I can't remember the lesson after I learned it.
4.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to trick)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to kid
No trates de quedarte conmigo. Hicimos un trato.Don't try to kid me. We made a deal.
quedar
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to be available)
a. to be left
¿Quedan asientos para nosotros?Are there any seats left for us?
b. to remain
Solo queda la fachada de la casa.Just the front of the house remains.
c. to be left over
Quedó bastante pollo para alimentar a los perros.There was enough chicken left over to feed to the dogs.
d. to have left
No nos quedan huevos. Hay que comprar más.We don't have any eggs left. We need to buy more.
e. to have
No nos queda tiempo para ir al museo.We don't have time to go to the museum.
6. (to be located)
a. to be
El restaurante queda a tres calles de aquí.The restaurant is three streets away from here.
7. (to set a date or time)
a. to meet
¿Dónde quedamos?Where shall we meet?
b. to agree to meet
Quedamos en la puerta principal.We agreed to meet at the front door.
c. to arrange to meet
He quedado con mi abogado a las 10 am porque quiero pedirle consejo sobre el tema.I've arranged to meet my lawyer at 10 am because I want to ask him for advice on the matter.
8. (to look)
a. to fit (size)
La talla M me queda.Size M fits me.
b. to suit
¿Cómo le queda el nuevo corte de pelo?Does her new hairstyle suit her?
9. (to wait)
a. to stay
No me pidas que quede si no vas a volver.Don't ask me to stay if you are not coming back.
10. (to end up)
a. to be
Quedamos muy tristes con la noticia de tu padre.We were really sad to hear about your dad.
11. (sports or competition)
a. to finish
Quedamos terceros. Por lo menos nos llevamos una medalla.We finished third. At least we got a medal.
12. (to appear)
a. to look
Si no queremos quedar como idiotas, es mejor que lo pensemos bien.If we don't want to look stupid, we'd better think about it carefully.
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