Quick answer
"Of" is a preposition which is often translated as "de", and "against" is a preposition which is often translated as "contra". Learn more about the difference between "of" and "against" below.
of(
uhv
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (indicating possession)
a. de
The wings of an eagle can span eight feet.Las alas de un águila se extienden hasta ocho pies.
2. (descriptive)
a. de
It is a question of ethics.Es una cuestión de ética.
3. (indicating material)
a. de
This chair is made of oak.Esta silla es de roble.
4. (indicating distance)
a. de
She walked a distance of three miles.Caminó una distancia de tres millas.
5. (indicating location)
a. de
The Caribbean coast of Mexico is the best location for snorkeling.La costa caribeña de México es el mejor lugar para bucear con esnórquel.
6. (indicating content)
a. de
Can you get me a bottle of water?¿Me traes una botella de agua?
7. (among)
a. de
One of the students in my group got lost.Uno de los estudiantes de mi grupo se perdió.
8. (toward)
a. hacia
He made no effort to hide his hatred of the invaders.No hizo ningún esfuerzo por ocultar su odio hacia los invasores.
b. por
We shared a love of music.Compartíamos un amor por la música.
9. (indicating time)
a. menos
I need to be at the office at a quarter of seven.Tengo que estar en la oficina a las siete menos cuarto.
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against(
uh
-
gehnst
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (in opposition)
a. contra
Swimming against the current of the river takes much effort.Nadar contra corriente del río exige mucho esfuerzo.
b. en contra de
The people of the town were against the developer's plans.La gente del pueblo estaba en contra de los planes de la promotora inmobiliaria.
2. (in contact with)
a. contra
Put the bookshelf against the far wall.Pon el librero contra aquella pared.
3. (in comparison)
a. contra
Your green eyes stand out against your tan complexion.Tus ojos verdes se destacan contra tu tez bronceada.
b. frente
The euro fell against the dollar.El euro bajó frente al dólar.
4. (in return for)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Delivery of the product is against presentation of the contract.La entrega del producto se hace al presentar el contrato.
We shall process the refund against your order once the paperwork reaches us.Procesaremos tu reembolso en cuanto nos llegue el papeleo de tu pedido.
5. (as protection from)
a. contra
Did you purchase insurance against fire for your new house?¿Contrataste un seguro contra incendios para tu casa nueva?
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (in opposition)
a. en contra
There were 15 in favor of the bill and 11 against.Hubo 15 a favor del proyecto de ley y 11 en contra.
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