Quick answer
"Lean" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "estar inclinado hacia", and "slim" is an adjective which is often translated as "delgado". Learn more about the difference between "lean" and "slim" below.
lean(
lin
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to incline; used with "to")
a. estar inclinado hacia
Is it true that the Tower of Pisa leans to one side?¿Es verdad que la torre de Pisa está inclinada hacia un lado?
2. (to support oneself; used with "on" or "against")
a. apoyarse en
My grandfather leans on his cane to walk.Mi abuelo se apoya en su bastón para caminar.
3. (to tend; used with "to" or "toward")
a. inclinarse por
Left-wing parties lean toward social policies.Los partidos de izquierda se inclinan por políticas sociales.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (not fatty)
a. magro
Lean meat is better for your healthLa carne magra es mejor para la salud.
b. sin grasa
Please use lean meat to make my hamburger.Por favor usa carne sin grasa para preparar mi hamburguesa.
5. (slim)
a. delgado
My son has been looking leaner since he's been living abroad.My hijo está más delgado desde que vive en el extranjero.
b. enjuto
The lean boy was an impressive runner.El chico enjuto era un corredor impresionante.
c. flaco
This cow is too lean. Are you feeding her properly?Esta vaca está demasiado flaca. ¿Le estás dando bien de comer?
6. (not prosperous)
a. malo
These are lean times for everyone, except for the wealthy.Son tiempos malos para todo el mundo, menos para los ricos.
b. pobre
The drought made this a really lean harvest season.La sequía ha hecho que esta temporada de cosecha haya sido realmente pobre.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to place; used with "against" or "on")
a. apoyar
The bricklayer leaned the ladder against the wall.El albañil apoyó la escalera contra la pared.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (slope)
a. la inclinación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The wall has a slight lean.La pared tiene una ligera inclinación.
9. (culinary)
a. el magro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Go to the butcher's and buy two kilos of lean, please.Ve a la carnicería y compra dos kilos de magro, por favor.
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slim(
slihm
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (thin)
a. delgado
He's tall, slim, and handsome.Es alto, delgado y guapo.
b. fino
She has a very slim waist.Tiene la cintura muy fina.
c. esbelto
You have gotten so slim since you graduated.Te has vuelto tan esbelto desde que te graduaste.
2. (small amount)
a. escaso
Job opportunities are slim around here.Las oportunidades de empleo son escasas por aquí.
b. pequeño
With no food and no water, the possibility of escaping from the island was slim.Sin comida ni agua, era pequeña la posibilidad de escapar de la isla.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to become thin)
a. adelgazar
This is an exercise that can help you to slim your hips.Este es un ejercicio que te puede ayudar a adelgazar las caderas.
b. reducir
What I really want is to slim my bottom.Lo que realmente quiero es reducir el trasero.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to become thin; with "down")
a. adelgazar
He's really slimmed down over the past few months.Ha adelgazado mucho en los últimos meses.
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