Quick answer
"Lean" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "estar inclinado hacia", and "mean" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "significar". Learn more about the difference between "lean" and "mean" below.
lean(
lin
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to incline; used with "to")
a. estar inclinado hacia
Is it true that the Tower of Pisa leans to one side?¿Es verdad que la torre de Pisa está inclinada hacia un lado?
2. (to support oneself; used with "on" or "against")
a. apoyarse en
My grandfather leans on his cane to walk.Mi abuelo se apoya en su bastón para caminar.
3. (to tend; used with "to" or "toward")
a. inclinarse por
Left-wing parties lean toward social policies.Los partidos de izquierda se inclinan por políticas sociales.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (not fatty)
a. magro
Lean meat is better for your healthLa carne magra es mejor para la salud.
b. sin grasa
Please use lean meat to make my hamburger.Por favor usa carne sin grasa para preparar mi hamburguesa.
5. (slim)
a. delgado
My son has been looking leaner since he's been living abroad.My hijo está más delgado desde que vive en el extranjero.
b. enjuto
The lean boy was an impressive runner.El chico enjuto era un corredor impresionante.
c. flaco
This cow is too lean. Are you feeding her properly?Esta vaca está demasiado flaca. ¿Le estás dando bien de comer?
6. (not prosperous)
a. malo
These are lean times for everyone, except for the wealthy.Son tiempos malos para todo el mundo, menos para los ricos.
b. pobre
The drought made this a really lean harvest season.La sequía ha hecho que esta temporada de cosecha haya sido realmente pobre.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to place; used with "against" or "on")
a. apoyar
The bricklayer leaned the ladder against the wall.El albañil apoyó la escalera contra la pared.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (slope)
a. la inclinación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The wall has a slight lean.La pared tiene una ligera inclinación.
9. (culinary)
a. el magro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Go to the butcher's and buy two kilos of lean, please.Ve a la carnicería y compra dos kilos de magro, por favor.
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mean(
min
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to signify)
a. significar
"Monsieur" means "sir" in French."Monsieur" significa "señor" en francés.
b. querer decir
What does this paragraph mean?¿Qué quiere decir este párrafo?
2. (to refer to)
a. querer decir
What did you mean when you said you didn't think this was working?¿Qué quisiste decir cuando dijiste que esto no está funcionando?
3. (to imply)
a. referirse
When I said I didn't want to talk to anybody, I didn't mean you.Cuando dije que no quería hablar con nadie, no me refería a ti.
4. (to intend)
a. tener la intención de
I didn't mean to say the things that I said. I'm sorry.No tuve la intención de decir lo que dije. Lo siento.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (average)
a. la media
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The mean of the above numbers is 22.La media de los números anteriores es 22.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (nasty)
a. malo
You're so mean! All you ever do is criticize me!¡Eres tan malo! ¡Te pasas el día criticándome!
b. mezquino
You have to demonstrate that the teacher is being mean and not just being strict.Tienes que demostrar que el profesor está siendo mezquino y no simplemente estricto.
7. (miserly)
a. tacaño
Her first husband was wealthy but mean. He hated to spend money.Su primer marido era rico pero tacaño. Odiaba gastar dinero.
b. mezquino
Ebenezer Scrooge was a very mean individual when it came to money.Ebenezer Scrooge fue un hombre muy mezquino en lo que tenía que ver con el dinero.
8. (average)
a. medio
Find the mean number of girls born in families with six children.Encuentra el número medio de niñas nacidas en familias con seis hijos.
9.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(excellent)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. increíble
I can make you a mean lemonade if you hang on a sec.Te puedo preparar una limonada increíble si me esperas tantito.
b. bestial (slang)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
You can make a mean salsa with canned tomatoes.Se puede hacer una salsa bestial con tomates en lata.
means
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
10. (method)
a. el medio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Politics only ennobles when it is a means to serve others.La política sólo enaltece cuando es un medio para servir al prójimo.
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
11. (reasons)
a. los medios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The means are justified if we consider all options.Los medios están justificados si consideramos todas las opciones.
12. (wealth)
a. los recursos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The thief lacks the means to pay a good lawyer.El ladrón no tiene los recursos para pagar un buen abogado.
b. los medios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Not everyone has the means to pursue higher education.No todo el mundo tiene los medios para proseguir los estudios superiores.
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