Quick answer
"Lead" is a noun which is often translated as "el plomo", and "rise" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "subir". Learn more about the difference between "lead" and "rise" below.
lead(
lid
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (metal)
a. el plomo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The building's lead pipes are going to be replaced with copper.La tubería de plomo del edificio se va a cambiar por cobre.
2. (first place in a competition)
a. la delantera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He held the lead for ten laps.Mantuvo la delantera durante diez vueltas.
b. la cabeza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She took the lead during the ascent.Se puso a la cabeza durante el ascenso.
c. el primer puesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Our team has been in the lead for most of the season.Nuestro equipo ha estado en el primer puesto la mayoría de la temporada.
d.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The Hornets are in the lead at half time.Los Hornets van primero en el medio tiempo.
Trey Canard moved into the lead on the opening lap.Trey Canard está en primera en la vuelta inicial.
3. (margin in a competition)
a. la ventaja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Mike has a two minute lead in the race.Mike tiene una ventaja de dos minutos en la carrera.
4. (example)
a. el ejemplo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They followed John's lead.Siguieron el ejemplo de John.
5. (leading role)
a. el papel principal
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Who's playing the lead in that film?¿Quién hace el papel principal en esa película?
b. el primer actor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We got to meet the lead after the play.Tuvimos la oportunidad de conocer al primer actor después de la obra.
c. la primera actriz
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She was famous in her day for being the lead in a movie about three sisters.Fue famosa en su época por ser la primera actriz en una película sobre tres hermanas.
d. el protagonista
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la protagonista
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The director is still looking for the perfect lead for the movie.El director sigue buscando al protagonista perfecto para la película.
6. (clue)
a. la pista
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Do you have any leads yet on where the suspect might be hiding?¿Tienen alguna pista sobre el escondite del sospechoso?
7. (leash) (United Kingdom)
a. la correa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Dogs are not allowed on the streets without leads.No se permiten los perros sin correa en las calles.
b. la traílla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Remember to keep your dog on a lead when you go for a walk.Acuérdate de llevar tu perro con traílla cuando salgas a dar un paseo.
8. (electronics)
a. el cable
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We need an XLR microphone lead.Necesitamos un cable de micrófono XLR.
9. (cards)
a. la mano
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Griselda has lead.Griselda es mano.
10. (introduction to news story)
a. la introducción
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The lead grabbed my attention, and I didn’t stop reading until I’d read the whole article.La introducción me llamó la atención, y no dejé de leer hasta terminar el artículo entero.
11. (pencil)
a. la mina
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My pencil lead broke again. Can you give me another one, please?Se me quebró la mina del lápiz de nuevo. ¿Me das otro por favor?
12. (sounding line)
a. la sonda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Before SONAR, mariners used a lead to measure depths.Antes de la sonda ecoica, los marinos usaban una sonda para medir las profundidades.
b. el escandallo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The lead weight at the end of the sounding line is called a lead.El peso de plomo en el extremo de la línea de sonda se llama escandallo.
13. (bullets)
a. los balazos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The gang member pumped his victim full of lead.El pandillero acribilló a balazos a su víctima.
b. el plomo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The thief tried to draw his gun, but the store owner pumped him full of lead.El ladrón trató de desenfundar su arma, pero el dueño de la tienda lo llenó de plomo.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
14. (main)
a. principal
Suzy is the lead singer in a band.Suzy es la cantante principal en una banda.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
15. (to guide)
a. llevar
Can you lead me to the children's clothing section please?¿Me puedes llevar a la sección de ropa infantil por favor?
b. conducir
The waitress led us to our table.La mesera nos condujo a la mesa.
c. mostrar el camino
I'm not sure which way to go, so you lead me, and I'll follow.No sé hacia dónde dirigirme, así que muéstrame el camino y te seguiré.
d. guiar
A bright light in the sky led them to Bethlehem.Una luz brillante en el cielo los guió a Belén.
e. dirigir
The usher led me to my seat in the theater.El acomodador me dirigió a mi asiento en el teatro.
16. (to be the head of)
a. dirigir (department, section, orchestra)
He leads the sales department.Dirige el departamento de ventas.
b. mandar (expedition, regiment)
He led the expedition to the Antarctic.Él mandó en la expedición a la Antártida.
c. conducir (debate, discussion)
Carmen leads the monthly meetings.Carmen conduce las juntas mensuales.
d. capitanear (regiment, troops)
Rodolfo leads his detachment.Rodolfo capitanea su destacamento.
e. estar al mando (group, expedition)
An experienced climber led the group.El grupo estaba al mando de un alpinista experimentado.
f. ser el primer violín (United Kingdom)
Nestor leads in the school orchestra.Nestor es el primer violín en la orquesta de la escuela.
17. (to be the first of)
a. ir a la cabeza de
They're leading their group by two goals.Van a la cabeza de su grupo por dos goles.
b. llevar la delantera a
She's leading her closest competitor by two games.Le lleva la delantera a su contrincante más cercana por dos encuentros.
c. ser líder en
We lead the field with our innovative technology.Somos líderes en este ramo gracias a nuestra tecnología innovadora.
d. encabezar
The Australian detachment led the attack.El destacamento australiano encabezó el ataque.
e. ir al frente de
Mariana will be leading the Christmas parade this year.Mariana irá al frente del desfile navideño este año.
18. (to hold an advantage over)
a. aventajar a
The Tomateros lead the previously first-placed Dominicans by one game.Los Tomateros aventajan por un juego a los previamente favoritos dominicanos.
b. llevar una ventaja de
Chivas led three goals to one in the Liberators Cup.Chivas llevaba una ventaja de tres goles a uno en la Copa Libertadores.
19. (to live)
a. llevar
She planned to lead a quiet life after retirement, but that's not what happened.Planeó llevar una vida tranquila después de jubilarse, pero no fue lo que sucedió.
b. tener
He leads a very active life as a single father of four children.Tiene una vida muy activa como padre soltero de cuatro hijos.
20. (to influence)
a. llevar
Her boyfriend, Spike, led her down the path of temptation.Su novio, Spike, la llevó por el camino de la tentación.
b. influir en
Donna leads the opinions of her group of friends.Donna influye en las opiniones de sus amigas.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
21. (to be ahead of others)
a. llevar la delantera
The Danish cycling team leads by a hundred meters.El equipo ciclista danés lleva la delantera por cien metros.
b. ir delante
They’re leading again at the end of the season.Van delante de nuevo al final de la temporada.
c. ir a la cabeza
One party leads in one poll, while another leads in a different poll.Un partido va a la cabeza en una encuesta, mientras que otro partido va a la cabeza en otra.
22. (cards)
a. ser mano
Are you going to lead this time?¿Vas a ser mano esta vez?
b. salir
I think it’s your turn to lead.Creo que te toca salir.
23. (to be the way; used with "to")
a. conducir a
Does this street lead to downtown?¿Esta calle conduce al centro?
b. dar a
Where does this door lead to?¿Adónde da esta puerta?
c. llevar a
I think this road may lead to the nearest village.Creo que este camino puede llevar al pueblo más cercano.
24. (to result in; used with "to")
a. llevar a
His extraordinary performance led to a resounding success.Su extraordinaria actuación llevó a un éxito rotundo.
b. conducir a
Practicing good daily habits will lead to a life of success.Practicar buenos hábitos diarios conducirá a una vida de éxito.
25. (boxing)
a. atacar
He was caught off guard when his opponent suddenly led with his left.Se destanteó cuando su contrincante de repente atacó con la izquierda.
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rise(
rayz
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to move upward)
a. subir
The kite rose high in the sky over the park.La cometa subió alto en el cielo sobre el parque.
b. alzar
Her eyes rose to watch the doves fly away.Sus ojos se alzaron a ver las palomas salir volando.
2. (to increase)
a. subir
The price of gas is rising.Sube el precio de la gasolina.
b. aumentar
Our benefits rose five percent this year.Nuestros beneficios aumentaron un cinco por ciento este año.
3. (to get up)
a. ponerse de pie (to stand up)
Please rise to welcome the president of the company.Pónganse de pie para recibir al presidente de la empresa.
b. pararse (to stand up)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
It's customary to rise when the judge walks into the room.Es la costumbre pararse cuando entra el juez al cuarto.
c. levantarse (to wake up)
She rises at six every morning to go for a walk.Ella se levanta a las seis todas las mañanas para caminar.
4. (to gain power or status)
a. subir
Queen Elizabeth I rose to power in November 1558.La reina Isabel I subió al trono en noviembre de 1558.
b. ascender
He rose through the ranks to become his party's leader.Él ascendió por el escalafón hasta hacerse el líder de su partido.
5. (to rebel)
a. alzarse
The army rose against the dictator who governed the country.El ejército se alzó contra el dictador que gobernaba el país.
b. levantarse
After decades of dictatorial rule, the citizens rose up against the king.Después de décadas de dictadura, los ciudadanos se levantaron contra el rey.
6. (to extend upwards)
a. elevarse
I can see the mountains rising in the distance from my window.Puedo ver cómo se elevan las montañas en la distancia desde mi ventana.
b. alzarse
The skyline rose before them as they drove into the city.El perfil de la ciudad se alzó ante ellos mientras conducían a la ciudad.
7. (astronomy)
a. salir
The sun will rise tomorrow at 6 am.El sol saldrá mañana a las 6 am.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (increase in value or amount)
a. el aumento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What would you say the rise in sales is due to?¿A qué dirías que se debe el aumento en ventas?
b. la subida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I have noticed a slight rise in the prices at the supermarket.He notado una ligera subida en los precios del supermercado.
c. el auge
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rise in digital technology has gone hand in hand with an increase in obesity.El auge de la tecnología digital ha sido acompañado por un aumento de la obesidad.
9. (increase in influence)
a. el ascenso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Her rise to the position of CEO has been astonishing.Su ascenso al puesto de directora ejecutiva ha sido sorprendente.
10. (incline)
a. la subida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's a slight rise in the road that can be dangerous if there is ice.Hay una leve subida en la carretera que puede ser peligrosa si hay hielo.
b. la colina
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(hill)
They live in a house just on the other side of the rise.Ellos viven en una casa justo del otro lado de la colina.
11. (pay increase) (United Kingdom)
a. el aumento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My manager offered me a rise due to my high productivity.My jefe me ha ofrecido un aumento debido a mi elevada productividad.
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