Quick answer
"Jostle" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "empujar", and "thrust" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "empujar". Learn more about the difference between "jostle" and "thrust" below.
jostle
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to move forward by pushing)
a. empujar
The children jostled each other to get out of the classroom.Los niños se empujaban para salir del aula.
b. dar empujones a
A group of boys were jostling each other to get into the bus first.Un grupo de chicos se daban empujones para subir antes al autobús.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to push and move forward; often used with "for")
a. abrirse paso
Everyone was jostling to get to the front.Todos querían abrirse paso para llegar a la parte delantera.
b. abrirse paso a empujones
We jostled for a good position at the front.Nos abrimos paso a empujones para buscar un buen sitio delante.
c. hacerse sitio
I jostled for room in the subway car.Me hice sitio en el vagón de metro.
d. empujarse (one another)
The people at the back jostled for a better view.Los de atrás se empujaban para ver mejor.
3.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to compete; often used with "for")
a. pelear
Major companies are jostling for position in the market.Grandes empresas pelean para tomar posiciones en el mercado.
b. pugnar
I couldn't sleep. Thoughts and memories were jostling in my head.No podía dormir. Los pensamientos y los recuerdos pugnaban en mi mente.
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thrust(
thruhst
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to push with force)
a. empujar
The police thrust the battering ram against the door.La policía empujó el ariete contra la puerta.
b. sacar
The peacock thrust out its chest and puffed its feathers to attract a mate.El pavo real sacó el pecho y desplegó sus plumas para atraer una compañera.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I thrust my way through the crowded concert venue to the front row.Me abrí paso a empujones por la sala de conciertos hasta la primera fila.
The captors overpowered him and thrust him into the car.Los secuestradores lo redujeron y lo metieron en el carro a empujones.
2. (to cause to enter by pushing; used with "into")
a. meter
The pirate thrust his sword into its sheath.El pirata metió la espada en la vaina.
b. introducir
He angrily thrust the key into the lock and stormed into the apartment.Enojado, introdujo la llave en la cerradura y entró furiosamente al departamento.
c. hincar
The soldier solemnly thrust the flagpole into the ground.El soldado hincó solemnemente el asta de la bandera en el suelo.
d. clavar
The campers thrust spikes into the ground to pitch their tents.Los campistas clavaron estacas en la tierra para montar sus tiendas.
3. (to burden; used with "on" or "upon")
a. imponer
I don't mean to thrust these responsibilites on you, but nobody else can take care of them now.No quiero imponerte estas responsabilidades, pero nadie más puede encargarse de ellas ahora.
b. endilgar
I can't believe my manager thrust those difficult customers on me.No puedo creer que mi gerente me endilgara esos clientes difíciles.
c. encajar
She had more responsibilities thrusted upon her.Le encajaron más responsabilidades.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to lunge at somebody)
a. dar estocadas
The fencer thrust at his opponent with his sword.El esgrimista le dio estocadas a su oponente con su espada.
5. (to make space)
a. abrirse paso
The missionaries thrusted through the jungle to reach their next destination.Los misioneros se abrieron paso por la selva para llegar a su próximo destino.
b. apartar de un empujón
He thrust past me to run to her side.Me apartó de un empujón para correr a su lado.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (act of thrusting)
a. la estocada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With a final thrust of his sword, he was able to get his enemy off of him.Con una estocada final de la espada, pudo quitarse el enemigo de encima.
b. el empujón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We tried to give our neighbor's car a thrust when it got stuck in the snow.Tratamos de darle al carro de nuestro vecino un empujón cuando se quedó en la nieve.
7. (military)
a. la ofensiva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
When attempts to negotiate didn't work, we launched a thrust against the enemy.Cuando los intentos de negociar no funcionaron, lanzamos una ofensiva contra el enemigo.
8. (theme)
a. la idea central
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Please pay attention or you'll never get the thrust of what I'm saying.Por favor, presta atención o nunca vas a entender la idea central de lo que estoy diciendo.
9. (architecture)
a. el empuje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Vertical supports on either side of the arch should counteract the thrust.Los soportes verticales a cada lado del arco deben contrarrestar el empuje.
10. (aviation and nautical)
a. la propulsión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There should be enough fuel in the rocket to provide sufficient thrust for the length of its trajectory.Debe haber bastante combustible en el cohete para proporcionar propulsión suficiente para la longitud de su trayectoria.
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