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Quick answer
"If" is a conjunction which is often translated as "si", and "as" is a preposition which is often translated as "como". Learn more about the difference between "if" and "as" below.
if(
ihf
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (conditional)
a. si
If I were a rich woman, I would travel the world.Si yo fuera rica, viajaría por el mundo.
2. (whether)
a. si
I do not know if they will like my cooking.No sé si les gustará mi comida.
3. (adversative)
a. aunque
It is a wonderful car, if rather expensive.Es un carro fabuloso, aunque bastante caro.
b. si bien
She's a good girl, if a little naive.Es una buna chica, si bien un poco inocente.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (assumption)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
If he enters the race—and that's a big if—he could receive many votes.Si entra a la carrera—y está por verse—podría recibir muchos votos.
The success of this project depends on a lot of ifs.El éxito de este proyecto depende de muchas suposiciones.
ifs
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
5. (conditions)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Do your homework now, or you can't go to the movies. No ifs or buts!Haz la tarea ahora, o no puedes ir al cine. ¡Nada de peros!
Don't worry about the ifs, just enjoy the moment.Olvídate de las dudas y disfruta el momento.
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as(
ahz
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (in the role of)
a. como
I spent 20 years working as an accountant.Trabajé como contador durante 20 años.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
2. (when)
a. cuando
The phone rang as we were leaving the house.Sonó el teléfono cuando estábamos saliendo de la casa.
3. (while)
a. mientras
I like to listen to music as I work.Me gusta escuchar música mientras trabajo.
4. (at the same time as)
a. a medida que
I've really come to respect her as I've gotten to know her.Realmente llegué a respetarla a medida que la fui conociendo.
5. (because)
a. como
As our flight was canceled, we had to find a hotel for the night.Como se canceló nuestro vuelo, tuvimos que encontrar un hotel donde pasar la noche.
6. (like)
a. como
Please leave everything as you found it.Por favor, deja todo como lo encontraste.
7. (though)
a. aunque
Intelligent as you are, you still have to work hard.Aunque eres inteligente, todavía tienes que trabajar duro.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (in comparisons)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I am as thin as she is.Soy tan delgada como ella.
I do not have as many shoes as my sister.No tengo tantos zapatos como mi hermana.
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