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Quick answer
"Go off" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "irse", and "burst" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "reventar". Learn more about the difference between "go off" and "burst" below.
go off(
go
 
af
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to leave)
a. irse
He went off to the mall with the kids.Se fue al centro comercial con los niños.
b. marcharse
Kelly went off to the beach with her friends for the weekend.Kelly se marchó a la playa con sus amigas por el fin de semana.
2. (to detonate)
a. estallar
The fireworks go off every night at 9 pm at the amusement park.Los fuegos pirotécnicos estallan cada noche a las 9 pm en el parque de diversiones.
b. explotar
It looks like a bomb went off in the town after the fire.Pareciera como si una bomba hubiera estallado en el pueblo después del incendio.
c. dispararse
The gun went off while he was cleaning it and he shot himself in the foot.El rifle se disparó mientras lo estaba limpiando y se pegó un tiro en el pie.
3. (to make noise)
a. sonar
The alarm clock went off at 6 am, but she didn't get out of bed until the sunlight came through the window.El despertador sonó a las 6 am, pero no se levantó hasta que la luz del sol entró por la ventana.
4. (to turn out)
a. salir
I was worried that a fight might break out at last night's family dinner, but thankfully the party went off well.Estaba preocupado por si estallaba una pelea anoche en la cena familiar, pero afortunadamente salió bien.
5. (to stop operating)
a. apagarse
The heating went off in the storm and we're trying to get it back on.La calefacción se apagó durante la tormenta y estamos intentando volver a prenderla.
b. irse
The lights went out. The curtain rose, and the play began.Se fueron las luces, se levantó el telón y la obra comenzó.
6. (to spoil) (United Kingdom)
a. echarse a perder
Don't eat that fish. It smells like it's gone off.No comas ese pescado, huele a que se ha echado a perder.
b. pasarse
I wanted to make some juice, but the fruit had gone off.Quería hacer un vaso de jugo, pero la fruta se había pasado.
7. (to doze)
a. quedarse dormido
Stan works so hard in the mine that when he comes home, he eats dinner and then goes right off.Stan trabaja tan arduamente en la mina que cuando llega a casa, cena y enseguida se queda dormido.
8. (to subside) (United Kingdom)
a. pasarse
My backache finally went off a few hours ago, so I'm feeling much better.Se me pasó el dolor de espalda hace unas horas, así que me siento mucho mejor.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
9. (to lose liking for) (United Kingdom)
a. ya no gustar
Gary's gone off beer, but he still drinks wine.A Gary ya no le gusta la cerveza, pero todavía toma vino.
b. dejar de gustar
My son went off toys; now he likes video games.A mi hijo dejaron de gustarle los juguetes; ahora le gustan los videojuegos.
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burst(
buhrst
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to rupture)
a. reventar
The balloon burst when it was over the ocean.El globo reventó cuando estaba sobre el océano.
b. reventarse
She ran over the nail and the tire burst.Pasó por encima del clavo y el neumático se reventó.
c. romperse
You'll want to be far away from the river when the dam bursts.Es conveniente estar lejos del río cuando se rompa el dique.
2. (to explode)
a. explotar
The fireworks burst in brilliant colors over the lake.Los fuegos artificiales explotaron en colores brillantes sobre el lago.
b. estallar
Luckily, the theater was empty when the bomb burst.Por suerte, el teatro estaba vacío cuando estalló la bomba.
3. (to start abruptly)
a. desatarse
They knew that a squall was going to burst at any moment.Sabían que un chubasco iba a desatarse en cualquier momento.
b. desencadenarse
Look at those black clouds. Let's get inside before a storm bursts.Mira esas nubes negras. Vamos dentro antes de que se desencadene una tormenta.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to break)
a. reventar
That bully came over and burst my ballon with his pencil.Ese matón vino y reventó mi globo con su lápiz.
b. romper
The flood burst the dam above the city.La inundación rompió el dique que está por encima de la ciudad.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (broken)
a. pinchado
You can always come see me at my shop if you get a burst tire.Siempre puedes acudir a mi taller si tienes un neumático pinchado.
b. reventado
Felipe had to call his landlord at 4 am about a burst pipe.Felipe tuvo que llamar al casero a las 4 am por una tubería reventada.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (sudden sound)
a. la salva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of applause)
Her performance inspired a burst of applause.Su actuación inspiró una salva de aplausos.
b. el arranque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of activity)
Suddenly, a burst of activity was heard on the street below.De repente, se oyó un arranque de actividad en la calle abajo.
c. la ráfaga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of bullets)
The soldiers dodged the burst of bullets from the machine gun.Los soldados esquivaron la ráfaga de balas de la ametralladora.
7. (detonation)
a. el estallido
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The operators heard a burst come from the machine.Los operarios oyeron un estallido procedente de la máquina.
b. la explosión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A burst of steam blew the top of the tank off.Una explosión de vapor hizo saltar la cubierta del tanque.
8. (rupture)
a. el reventón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If the cellar gets too cold, the pipes could freeze, and we risk a burst.Si el sótano se enfría demasiado, los tubos se podrían congelar y nos arriesgamos a un reventón.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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