Quick answer
"Full" is an adjective which is often translated as "lleno", and "empty" is an adjective which is often translated as "vacío". Learn more about the difference between "full" and "empty" below.
full(
fool
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (filled with something)
a. lleno
The tank was full when we started our trip.El depósito estaba lleno cuando empezamos el viaje.
2. (filled with people)
a. lleno
The theater was far from full.El cine no estaba ni mucho menos lleno.
b. completo (hotel)
I'm afraid the hotel is full and we won't have any free rooms until tomorrow.Me temo que el hotel está completo y no tendremos habitaciones libres hasta mañana.
3. (full of activity)
a. ocupado
I have a full day today. What about tomorrow?Hoy tengo un día muy ocupado. ¿Qué le parece mañana?
b. activo
The new treatment will allow patients to lead a full life.El nuevo tratamiento permitirá a los pacientes llevar una vida activa.
4. (comprehensive)
a. completo (explanation)
We need a full report of the company's activities overseas.Necesitamos un informe completo de las actividades de la empresa en el extranjero.
b. detallado
She gave the police a full description of her attacker.Le dio una descripción detallada de su asaltante a la policía.
5. (maximum)
a. todo
She approached the bend at full speed.Tomó la curva a toda velocidad.
b. pleno
She signed the document in full possession of her faculties.Firmó el documento en plena posesión de sus facultades.
6. (rounded)
a. llenito
The model has a rather full figure.La modelo es más bien llenita.
7. (satisfied)
a. lleno
I’m completely full and have no room for dessert.Estoy lleno a tope y no puedo comer postre.
8. (whole)
a. entero
She had to wait a full week for the results of her test.Tuvo que esperar una semana entera para tener los resultados de su análisis.
b. íntegro
We were late for the discount and had to pay full price.Llegamos tarde para el descuento y tuvimos que pagar el precio íntegro.
9. (loose)
a. amplio
She prefers wearing full skirts.Prefiere llevar faldas amplias.
10. (conceited; used with "of oneself")
a. creído
Sofia is so full of herself that it's unbearable to be around her.Sofía es tan creída que es insoportable estar con ella.
b. engreído
Do you like Cristian? - Well, he is very attractive, but is also full of himself.¿Te gusta Cristian? - Pues, sí es muy atractivo pero también es muy engreído.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
11. (as an intensifier)
a. perfectamente
Why do you eat things that you know full well you're allergic to?¿Por qué comes cosas que sabes perfectamente que te dan alergia?
b. muy bien
You know full well what really happened.Tú sabes muy bien lo que realmente sucedió.
12. (directly)
a. directamente
She looked me full in the face and didn't recognize me.Me miró directamente a la cara y no me reconoció.
b. pleno
The ball hit her full in the face knocking her to the ground.El balón la golpeó en plena cara haciéndola caer al suelo.
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empty(
ehmp
-
ti
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (containing nothing)
a. vacío
We have to go shopping; the fridge is empty.Tenemos que hacer compra; la nevera está vacía.
b. desocupado (building)
During the summer, the school is empty.En el verano, la escuela está desocupada.
c. desierto (street or spot)
It was very hot and the streets were empty.Hacía mucho calor y las calles estaban desiertas.
d. descargado (revolver)
He aimed his gun at us, but it was empty.Nos apuntó con la pistola, pero estaba descargada.
2. (superficial)
a. vacío (words)
Your empty words are no comfort to me.Tus palabras vacías no me sirven de consuelo.
b. vano (attempt or promise)
He bought her a ring in an empty attempt to regain her love.Le compró un anillo en un vano intento de recuperar su amor.
3. (devoid of feelings)
a. vacío
I feel empty since he left.Me siento vacía desde que se fue.
4. (available)
a. vacío
You can sit with us. There are two empty spaces at our table.Pueden sentarse con nosotros. Hay dos sitios vacíos en nuestra mesa.
b. libre (seat)
Is this seat empty?¿Está libre este asiento?
c. vacante (post)
The new measures will favor the creation of empty posts.Las nuevas medidas favorecerán la creación de puestos vacantes.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to remove contents)
a. vaciar
Empty the bottle completely before recycling it.Vacía la botella del todo antes de reciclarla.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to become empty)
a. vaciarse
The streets emptied at sunset.Las calles se vaciaron al atardecer.
7. (to flow)
a. desembocar
Several streets empty into the square.Varias calles desembocan en la plaza.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (bottle)
a. el envase
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You can recycle the empties.Puedes reciclar los envases.
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