Quick answer
"Flop" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "desplomarse", and "turn" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "girar". Learn more about the difference between "flop" and "turn" below.
flop(
flap
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to fall loosely)
a. desplomarse
On hearing the news, Chloe flopped into the couch in tears.Al enterarse de la noticia, Chloe se desplomó en el sofá llorando.
b. dejarse caer
Matt was so tired when he came home that he flopped down onto the bed and didn't get up for eight hours.Matt estaba tan cansado cuando llegó a casa que se dejó caer en la cama y no se levantó durante ocho horas.
2. (to flail)
a. dar coletazos (fish)
A stranded whale flopped around on the beach until it was finally freed.Una ballena encallada en la playa estuvo dando coletazos hasta que finalmente la liberaron.
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to fail)
a. fracasar
Diana was devastated when the album she spent all year working on flopped.Diana quedó desconsolada cuando el álbum en el que había trabajado todo el año fracasó.
b. ser un fracaso
The film flopped badly at the box office, but it is a good movie anyway.El film fue un verdadero fracaso de taquilla, pero es una buena película de todos modos.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(failure)
a. el fracaso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Sadly, his last book has been a flop.Por desgracia, su último libro fue un fracaso.
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turn(
tuhrn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to rotate)
a. girar
I turned the steering wheel sharply to avoid the dog.Giré el volante bruscamente para evitar el perro.
2. (to direct)
a. dirigir
He turned his attention to the letter in front of him.Dirigió su atención a la carta delante de él.
She turned her anger on her son.Dirigió su ira hacia su hijo.
3. (to change direction of)
a. volver (head, eyes, gaze)
We turned our gaze to the place where the sound came from.Volvimos la mirada hacia el lugar de donde provino el sonido.
4. (to turn over)
a. dar la vuelta a
Please turn the page and answer the questionnaire.Por favor dale vuelta a la hoja y contesta el cuestionario.
You should turn your mattress so that both sides are used.Debes darle vuelta a tu colchón para que se usen los dos lados.
b. voltear
Turn the pancakes before they burn.Voltea los panqueques antes de que se quemen.
c. remover (soil)
You can use a plow to turn the soil before spreading the seeds.Puedes utilizar un arado para remover la tierra antes de esparcir las semillas.
5. (to perform)
a. hacer
The gymnast turned a double somersault.La gimnasta hizo un salto mortal doble.
6. (to go around)
a. doblar (corner)
Turn the corner and you will find the main avenue.Dobla la esquina y encontrarás la avenida principal.
7. (to pass)
a. cumplir
He turns 30 this February.Él cumple los 30 este febrero.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It just turned midnight.Acaba de hacerse medianoche.
It's just turned 2 o'clock here. What's the time there?Aquí acaban de dar las dos. ¿Qué hora es ahí?
8. (to change)
a. convertir
Scientists figured out how to turn solar energy into electricity.Los científicos encontraron la manera de convertir la energía solar en electricidad.
9. (to put)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Many people were turned out of their homes.Echaron a muchas personas de sus casas.
Turn the mixture into the pan and bake for 20 minutes.Vierta la mezcla en la olla y hornee durante 20 minutos.
10. (to make)
a. sacar (profit)
The company turned a large profit this year.La compañía sacó una enorme ganancia este año.
11. (to twist)
a. torcerse (ankle, wrist)
Ken turned his ankle during the soccer game.Ken se torció el tobillo durante el partido de fútbol.
12. (to shape)
a. tornear (on a lathe)
He turned a block of wood into a baseball bat on the lathe.Torneó un bloque de madera a un bate de béisbol en el torno.
b. hacer (pottery)
They turn beautiful vases in the pottery workshop.Hacen hermosos floreros en el taller de alfarería.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
13. (to change direction)
a. volverse
She turned to face me.Se volvió hacia mí.
b. girar
Turn right when you see the park.Gira a la derecha cuando veas el parque.
14. (to rotate)
a. girar
I heard a key turning in the lock.Oí una llave girando en la cerradura.
b. dar vueltas
The disc turns at 2,000 revolutions a minute.El disco da vueltas a 2,000 revoluciones por minuto.
15. (to change)
a. convertirse
The frog turned into a prince.La rana se convirtió en un príncipe.
b. cambiar
Investors are waiting for their luck to turn.Los inversores están esperando que cambie su suerte.
16. (to become)
a. ponerse
Emma turned pale and then fainted.Emma se puso pálida y luego se desmayó.
She turns red when she's embarrassed.Ella se pone roja cuando le da pena.
17. (to go sour)
a. agriarse (milk)
Don’t drink this milk because it has turned.No te tomes esta leche porque ya se agrió.
b. cortarse (milk)
The milk smelled terrible because it had turned.La leche olía espantoso porque se había cortado.
18. (in a book or document)
a. ir
Turn to page 62.Vayan a la página 62.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
19. (rotation)
a. la vuelta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I gave the screw another turn.Le di otra vuelta al tornillo.
20. (in a series)
a. el turno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Wait until it's your turn.Espera hasta que te toque el turno.
21. (bend)
a. la curva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There were many turns in the road.Había muchas curvas en la carretera.
22. (change of direction)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The driver made a sharp left turn.El chofer giró bruscamente a la izquierda.
The following day, the situation took an unexpected turn.Al día siguiente, la situación dio un giro inesperado.
23. (shock)
a. el susto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You gave me quite a turn!¡Qué susto me diste!
b. el ataque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She had a turn and we didn't know what to do.Le dio un ataque y no supimos qué hacer.
24. (dizziness)
a. el vahído
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Tonya had a turn when we were on the bus.Tonya sufrió un vahído cuando íbamos en el autobús.
b. el mareo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It gave me a turn when I looked over the edge of the cliff.Me dio un mareo cuando miré por el borde del acantilado.
25. (style or inclination)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He has an elegant turn of phrase.Él se expresa de manera elegante.
She has a critical turn of mind.Ella tiene una forma de pensar crítica.
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