soil
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Usage note
This word must be preceded by the definite article in the sense shown in 3).
soil(
soyl
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (earth)
a. la tierra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The soil near the river is very fertile.La tierra cerca del río es muy fértil.
2. (territory)
a. la tierra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A large part of their army was on foreign soil.Gran parte de su ejército se encontraba en tierra extranjera.
b. el suelo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was arrested as soon as he landed on American soil.Fue detenido en cuanto aterrizó en suelo norteamericano.
3. (agricultural life)
a. la tierra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He is a true son of the soil.Es un auténtico hijo de la tierra.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to make dirty)
a. ensuciar
He had soiled his hands while changing the oil in the car.Se había ensuciado las manos cuando cambió el aceite del carro.
b. manchar
The sheets were soiled with blood at the crime scene.Las sábanas estaban manchadas de sangre en la escena del crimen.
5. (to tarnish)
a. manchar
His reputation had been soiled by the scandal.El escándalo había manchado su reputación.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to get dirty)
a. ensuciarse
The fabric is water repellent so it won't soil easily.La tela está impermeabilizada así que no se ensuciará fácilmente.
7. (to defecate)
a. ensuciarse
It's time to change her diaper. She's soiled herself again.Es hora de cambiar su pañal. Se ha ensuciado de nuevo.
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soil
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (earth)
a. la tierra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
the soilel suelo, el terreno
on British soilen suelo británico
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (clothes, sheet)
a. manchar, ensuciar
3. (fig)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
to soil one's handsmancharse las manos
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
soil [sɔɪl]
noun
(earth) tierra (f)
his native soil su tierra natal; su patria; on British soil en suelo británico; the soil (farmland) la tierra
The soil here is very fertile The region is characterised by heavy clay soils
soil [sɔɪl]
transitive verb
1 (dirty) ensuciar; (stain) manchar
to soil o.s. ensuciarse
2 [+reputation, honour etc] manchar
I would not soil myself by contact with ... no me rebajaría a tener contacto con ...
to soil one's hands fingers
intransitive verb
ensuciarse
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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