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Quick answer
"Estaba" is a form of "estar", a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". "Cuando" is a conjunction which is often translated as "when". Learn more about the difference between "estaba" and "cuando" below.
estar(
ehs
-
tahr
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to express a quality)
a. to be
Este pastel de chocolate está delicioso.This chocolate cake is delicious.
Este hotel está muy lujoso.This hotel is very luxurious.
2. (used to express an emotion or state)
a. to be
Estoy enojada porque me acaban de dar una multa de estacionamiento.I am angry because I just got a parking ticket.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to be located)
a. to be
La casa está delante de la iglesia.The house is in front of the church.
4. (to be present)
a. to be
No está en casa.He's not home.
5. (to find oneself; used with "de")
a. to be on (vacation, trip, call)
Estaremos de vacaciones en Europa el verano entero.We're going to be on vacation in Europe all summer long.
b. to be in (luck)
¡Estás de suerte! Me queda un par en ese color.You're in luck! I have one pair left in that color.
c. to be working as
Está de recepcionista hasta que consiga un mejor trabajo.He's working as a receptionist until he finds something better.
6. (to feel)
a. to be
Está triste ahora que no tiene novia.He is sad now that he doesn't have a girlfriend.
7. (to appear)
a. to look
¡Estás genial con las gafas nuevas!You look great with your new glasses!
8. (to visit)
a. to stay
Gabriel está con su padre esta noche.Gabriel is staying with his father tonight.
9. (to be done)
a. to be ready
La comida ya está. ¡Comamos!The food is ready. Let's eat!
10. (to exist)
a. to be
Luego está el trabajo que queda por hacer.Then there is the work that still needs to be done.
11. (to feel like; used with "para")
a. to be in the mood for
No estoy para tus estupideces a estas horas.I am not in the mood for your nonsense at this time of night.
12. (to come down with; used with "con")
a. to have
Está con gripe desde el lunes.He's had the flu since Monday.
13. (to fit)
a. to be
¿Esta falda queda bien o está muy apretada?Does this skirt look good or is it too tight?
14. (to be understood)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No quiero que camines sola por la noche, ¿está?I don't want you walking alone at night, understood?
Nos encontraremos a las siete para ir al cine, ¿estamos?We'll meet at seven to go to the movie, all right?
15. (to support; used with "por")
a. to be in favor of
Los estudiantes están por un aumento en ayuda financiera de parte de la universidad.The students are in favor of the university providing more financial aid.
16. (to be in agreement; used with "con")
a. to agree with
Estoy con Ana Sofía; no quiero escuchar más peleas entre ustedes.I agree with Ana Sofía. I don't want to hear anymore fighting between the two of you.
17. (with temperatures; used with "a")
a. to be
¡El termómetro dice que está a 25 grados Fahrenheit pero que se siente como 6!The thermometer says it's 25 degrees Fahrenheit out but that it feels like 6!
18. (with dates; used with "a")
a. to be
Estamos a martes, 5 de enero.It is Tuesday, January 5th.
19. (with seasons; used with "en")
a. to be
Mientras el hemisferio norte está en invierno, el hemisferio sur está en verano.It is winter in the Northern Hemisphere when it's summer in the Southern Hemisphere.
20. (with distances; used with "a")
a. to be
El banco está a tres cuadras de la plaza central.The bank is three blocks from the town square.
21. (used to express that something is yet to be known; used with "por" and infinitive)
a. to remain to be
Está por verse si lloverá en la tarde.It remains to be seen whether it will rain this afternoon.
22. (used to express imminence; used with "por" and infinitive)
a. to be going to
Las nubes en la distancia indican que estará por llover esta noche.The clouds in the distance indicate that it is going to rain tonight.
23. (used to negate; used with "sin" and infinitive)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Tengo tres libros que están sin terminar.I have three books that I still have to finish reading.
Estoy sin comer desde temprano esta mañana.I haven't eaten anything since early this morning.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
24. (used with a gerund)
a. to be
Está limpiando la casa.He's cleaning the house.
25. (used with a participle)
a. to be
El cuarto está organizado, ¡así que no hagas desorden!The room is organized. Don't make a mess!
estarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
26. (to remain)
a. to stay
Estate quieto y no digas ni una palabra.Stay still and don't say a word.
b. to keep
Es importante estarse tranquilo ante un desastre.It's important to keep calm in the face of disaster.
c. to remain
Los estudiantes se estuvieron callados mientras trabajaban en la biblioteca.The students remained quiet as they worked in the library.
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cuando(
kwahn
-
doh
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to indicate time)
a. when (specific moment)
Cuando hace calor, nos gusta desayunar en el jardín.When it's hot, we like to have breakfast in the yard.
b. as (specific moment)
Justo cuando empezábamos a divertirnos, se cortó la luz.Just as we were starting to have fun, the lights went out.
c. whenever (unspecified moment)
Llámame cuando tengas ganas.Call me whenever you like.
2. (used to indicate cause)
a. if
Cuando se calla sobre el problema, es que debe de saber algo.If she remains silent about the problem, she must know something.
b. since
No sé por qué te sorprendes tanto cuando todo el mundo anda hablando del tema.I don't understand why you're so surprised, since everyone's speaking about the issue.
3. (used to express the opposite)
a. when
¡Le estás contando a todos que soy un mentiroso, cuando no es verdad!You are telling everybody that I'm a liar, when it's not true!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (used to indicate time)
a. when
En primavera es cuando las flores florecen.Spring is when the flowers bloom.
5. (used to indicate contrast)
a. even if
¿Por qué me mentiste cuando sabías que tarde o temprano me iba a enterar de la verdad?Why did you lie to me even if you knew that sooner or later I'd find out the truth?
b. even though
Tommy siguió insistiendo en ir al cine cuando los amigos ya habían decidido jugar fútbol.Tommy kept insisting on going to the cinema even though his friends had already decided to play soccer.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
6. (used to indicate time)
a. as
Cuando joven, Mimi era bellísima.As a young woman, Mimi was very beautiful.
b. during
Cuando la guerra, había toque de queda y no se podía salir de noche.During the war, there was a curfew and you couldn't go out at night.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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