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Quick answer
"Ensuciar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to dirty", and "chorrear" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to drip". Learn more about the difference between "ensuciar" and "chorrear" below.
ensuciar(
ehn
-
soo
-
syahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make dirty)
a. to dirty
El polvo ensució los vidrios de la casa.The dust dirtied the windows in the house.
b. to get dirty
No me vayas a ensuciar el sillón de pintura.Don't get the sofa dirty with paint.
2. (to discredit)
a. to sully
La revista de chismes ensució la imagen del actor.The gossip magazine sullied the actor's image.
b. to tarnish
Todas tus mentiras ensuciaron mi nombre.All your lies have tarnished my name.
ensuciarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to make dirty)
a. to get dirty
No me había lavado las manos y terminé ensuciándome la blusa.I hadn't washed my hands and I ended up getting my blouse dirty.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
4. (to make oneself dirty)
a. to get dirty
Me ensucié todo de lodo.I got all dirty with mud.
5. (to relieve oneself clothed)
a. to dirty
El niñito se ensució los calzones.The little boy dirtied his briefs.
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chorrear(
choh
-
rreh
-
ahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to dribble)
a. to drip
Me limpié la sangre que me chorreaba de la nariz.I wiped off the blood that was dripping from my nose.
2. (to be soaked)
a. to drip wet
Las toallas están chorreando porque se han caído en la bañera.The towels are dripping wet because they fell in the bathtub.
3. (to pour)
a. to gush
Tras el puñetazo, al hombre le empezó a chorrear sangre de la nariz.Blood started to gush from the man's nose after he was punched.
b. to gush out
Las cañerías se rompieron y el agua empezó a chorrear.The pipes broke and water started to gush out.
c. to spurt
La lava chorreaba del cráter del volcán.Lava was spurting from the crater of the volcano.
d. to spurt out
Solté el torniquete para que la sangre no chorreara.I released the tourniquet so the blood wouldn't spurt out.
4. (to arrive gradually)
a. to trickle in
Veinte años después del accidente chorrean todavía demandas de indemnización.Claims for compensation are still trickling in twenty years after the accident.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to let fall in drips)
a. to drip (intransitive)
Mis amigos me tiraron a la piscina con la ropa puesta y salí chorreando agua.My friends threw me into the swimming pool with my clothes on and I came out dripping with water.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to steal) (River Plate)
a. to swipe
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
El guardia de seguridad me pilló intentando chorrear un juego en la tienda.The security guard caught me trying to swipe a game in the store.
b. to pinch
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Chorreé unos chocolates de la caja que había en la mesa.I pinched a few chocolates out of the box on the table.
chorrearse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to stain oneself)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Si friegas sin delantal seguro que te chorreas de detergente.If you do the washing without an apron you're bound to get detergent all over you.
Volcó la cafetera y se chorreó la falda de café.She knocked the coffe pot over and spilled coffee all down her skirt.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to steal) (River Plate)
a. to swipe
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Alguien se había chorreado las flores de la tumba de mi padre.Someone had swiped the flowers off my father's grave.
b. to pinch
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Los ladrones se chorrearon varios miles de euros de la caja registradora.The thieves pinched several thousand euros from the cash register.
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