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Quick answer
"Encima" is an adverb which is often translated as "above", and "arriba" is an adverb which is often translated as "up". Learn more about the difference between "encima" and "arriba" below.
encima(
ehn
-
see
-
mah
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (not touching)
a. above
El espejo está encima de la silla.The mirror is above the chair.
2. (on a surface)
a. on top
El correo está encima de la mesa.The mail is on top of the table.
b. on
La ropa está encima de la cama.The clothes are on the bed.
3. (in time)
a. right around the corner (idiom)
Las elecciones están encima.The elections are right around the corner.
4. (figurative)
a. on top of that
Elizabeth llegó tarde y encima no había hecho la tarea.Elizabeth arrived late and on top of that hadn't done her homework.
b. besides that
Me dio diez dólares de pago y cinco más encima.He gave me ten dollars as payment and another five besides that.
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arriba(
ah
-
rree
-
bah
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (higher)
a. up
Tu cama está allí arriba y la mía está aquí abajo.Your bed is up there and mine is down here.
b. above
Los búhos nos miraban desde arriba.The owls looked down at us from above.
2. (part of a building)
a. upstairs
Los vecinos que viven arriba siempre hacen mucho escándalo.The neighbors who live upstairs always make a lot of noise.
3. (on a scale)
a. above (age)
Los niños de 15 para arriba ya cuentan como adultos.Children fifteen and over count as adults.
b. ahead (score)
¡Los Wizards están arriba por 30 puntos!The Wizards are ahead by 30 points!
4. (earlier)
a. above (in a text)
Lo escrito arriba es tomado de la leyenda de Escila y Caribdis.That which is written above was taken from the legend of Scylla and Charybdis.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
5. (used to express encouragement)
a. go
¡Arriba los Vikingos!Go Vikings!
b. up with (United Kingdom)
¡Arriba los Cisnes!Up with the Swans!
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