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Quick answer
"En" is a preposition which is often translated as "in", and "aprovechar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to take advantage of". Learn more about the difference between "en" and "aprovechar" below.
en(
ehn
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (indicating place)
a. in
Hay comida ya preparada en el supermercado.There's ready-made food in the supermarket.
b. on
Puedes poner los cubiertos en la mesa. You can put the silverware on the table.
2. (indicating time)
a. on
En 1969, aterrizamos en la luna.In 1969, we landed on the moon.
3. (indicating mode)
a. in
Si un oso te persigue, corre en zigzag.If a bear is chasing you, run in a zig-zag formation.
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aprovechar(
ah
-
proh
-
beh
-
chahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make use of)
a. to take advantage of
Si quieres aprovechar el día, levántate más temprano.If you want to take advantage of the day, get up earlier.
Aprovecharon el descuento para comprar los regalos de Navidad.They took advantage of the discount to buy Christmas presents.
b. to make the most of
Me gusta aprovechar el tiempo que tengo de vacaciones.I like to make the most of my vacation time.
c. to make good use of
Supimos aprovechar las instalaciones de la academia.We knew how to make good use of the academy's facilities.
2. (to utilize)
a. to use
Aproveché el descanso para comprar el periódico.I used the break to buy the newspaper.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to make use of)
a. to make the most of
El bebé está durmiendo; aprovecha y tómate una ducha.The baby is asleep. Make the most of it and take a shower.
b. to take the opportunity to
Aprovecha para viajar el mundo mientras seas joven.Take the opportunity to travel the world while you're young.
aprovecharse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to exploit; used with "de")
a. to take advantage of
Se aprovechó de que eran extranjeros para cobrarles más.She took advantage of the fact that they were foreigners to overcharge them.
5. (to abuse sexually; used with "de")
a. to take advantage of
Se la llevó a un callejón y se aprovechó de ella.He took her to an alley and took advantage of her.
b. to abuse
Si una persona se aprovecha de un niño, irá a la cárcel.If a person abuses a child, he or she will go to jail.
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