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Quick answer
"Echar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to throw", and "botar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to throw away". Learn more about the difference between "echar" and "botar" below.
echar(
eh
-
chahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to propel)
a. to throw
Esta comida ya está caducada. Échala en la basura.This food is spoiled. Throw it in the garbage.
b. to cast
Un pescador echó el sedal desde el muelle para pescar.A fisherman cast a line from the pier to fish.
2. (to add)
a. to put
¿Cuánta gasolina le echas al coche?How much gas do you put in the car?
3. (to oust)
a. to throw out
Lo echaron del bar por no pagar su cuenta.He was thrown out of the bar for not paying his tab.
b. to expel
Echaron al estudiante de la universidad por razones disciplinarias.The student was expelled from the university for disciplinary reasons.
4. (to serve)
a. to pour
¿Serías tan amable de echarme más vino?Please be so good as to pour me some more wine.
5. (to release)
a. to give off
El guiso está echando un aroma delicioso que me está dando hambre.The stew is giving off a delicious aroma that is making me hungry.
b. to emit
El tubo de escape de un coche echa gases cuando está parado en funcionamiento.The exhaust pipe of the car emits gases when it is idle.
6. (to produce)
a. to sprout
En primavera, los árboles de mi jardín echan hojas nuevas.In the spring, the trees of my garden sprout new leaves.
7. (to give)
a. to give
Papá le echó la bronca a mi hermano por mentir.Dad gave my brother a dressing-down for lying.
8. (to send)
a. to mail
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Voy a la oficina de correos para comprar sellos para echar esta carta.I'm going to the post office to buy stamps to mail this letter.
b. to post (United Kingdom)
¿Cuánto cuesta echar este paquete a Alemania?How much does it cost to post this parcel to Germany?
9. (to estimate)
a. to reckon
¿Cuánto tiempo tiene que cocer el pollo? - Échale dos horas.How long does the chicken need to cook? - I reckon two hours.
b. to think
Le echaba a tu hermana menos años que a ti.I thought your sister was younger than you.
10. (indicating an action)
a. to give
¿Puedes echarme una mano con las bolsas de la compra?Can you give me a hand with the shopping bags?
b. to have
Anoche, mis amigos y yo nos echamos unas risas en la cena.Last night, my friends and I had a good laugh over dinner.
11. (to move)
a. to push
Echa la mesa a un lado para hacer más sitio para la fiesta.Push the table aside to make more room for the party.
12. (to lay off)
a. to fire
Me echaron del trabajo por no cumplir con mis responsabilidades.I was fired from a job for not fulfilling my duties.
b. to sack (United Kingdom)
Lo echaron porque nunca completaba sus proyectos.They sacked him because he never completed his projects.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
13. (to commence)
a. to start
El ladrón se echó a correr cuando vio que la policía se acercaba a él.The thief started running when he saw the police coming toward him.
b. to begin
Mi hijo se echó a llorar cuando la enfermera le clavó la aguja en el brazo.My son began to cry when the nurse stuck the needle in his arm.
echarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
14. (to propel oneself)
a. to throw oneself
Intentó suicidarse echándose al agua desde el puente.He tried to commit suicide throwing himself into the water from the bridge.
15. (to recline)
a. to lie down
Solo tienes que echarte y disfrutar del masaje.Just lie down and enjoy your massage.
16. (to apply)
a. to put
Me eché protector solar antes de ir a la playa, pero me quemé.I put on sunscreen before going to the beach, but I got sunburned.
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botar(
boh
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to dispose of)
a. to throw away
Quiero botar estos diarios viejos pero no encuentro un contenedor de basura.I want to throw away these old newspapers but I can't find a trash can.
2. (to cause to rebound)
a. to bounce
Los jugadores de tenis siempre botan la pelota antes de sacar.Tennis players always bounce the ball before serving.
3. (marine)
a. to launch
El Titanic fue botado al mar el 31 de mayo de 1911.The Titanic was launched on May 31, 1911.
4. (to dismiss)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to fire
Te van a botar del trabajo si sigues llegando tarde a la oficina.You will be fired if you keep on arriving late to the office.
5. (to expel) (Andes)
Regionalism used in the Dominican Republic
(Dominican Republic)
Regionalism used in Nicaragua
(Nicaragua)
a. to kick out
Lo botaron del bar por estar peleando.They kicked him out of the bar for fighting.
6. (to squander)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to waste
No voy a botar mi dinero en una habitación de hotel. Voy a dormir en una tienda de campaña.I'm not going to waste my money on a hotel room. I'm going to sleep in a tent.
7. (to demolish) (Andes)
Regionalism used in Costa Rica
(Costa Rica)
Regionalism used in Cuba
(Cuba)
Regionalism used in El Salvador
(El Salvador)
a. to knock down
El gobierno decidió botar el viejo edificio de la biblioteca.The government decided to knock down the old library building.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
8. (sports)
a. to bounce
Mientras más dura sea la cancha, más botará la pelota.The harder the court, the harder the ball will bounce.
9. (to leap)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to jump
Necesito aprender a botar más alto si quiero entrar en el equipo de baloncesto.I need to learn how to jump higher if I want to make it onto the basketball team.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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