Quick answer
"Directo" is an adjective which is often translated as "direct", and "a" is a preposition which is often translated as "to". Learn more about the difference between "directo" and "a" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (undeviating)
a. direct
Esta línea de metro va directa al centro de la ciudad.This is a direct subway line to the city center.
b. straight
Gracias a los carriles bici, los ciclistas pueden ir directos al centro de la ciudad.Thanks to the new bike lanes, cyclists can go straight to the city center.
2. (without stopping)
a. direct
Tomaré un autobús directo, aunque sea más caro, porque no tengo tiempo para escalas.I will take a direct bus even if it's more expensive because I have no time for stops.
b. non-stop (flight)
La aerolínea anunció un nuevo vuelo directo entre Madrid y Beirut.The airline announced a new non-stop flight between Madrid and Beirut.
c. through (train)
Ojalá crearan un tren directo entre las dos ciudades.I wish they would create a through train between both cities
3. (frank)
a. direct
Julia es tan directa que a veces me incomoda hablar con ella.Julia is so direct that sometimes I don't feel comfortable talking to her.
b. straightforward
Mira, yo soy muy directa y no me gusta andarme con rodeos.Listen, I'm very straightforward and I don't like to beat about the bush.
4. (finance)
a. direct
El comprador realizó un ingreso directo en mi cuenta bancaria.The buyer made a direct deposit into my bank account.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
5. (sports)
a. straight punch
El directo del boxeador propinó un golpe en la cara al contrincante.The boxer's straight punch inflicted a hit on the opponent's face.
6. (telecommunications; preceded by "en")
a. live
Les estamos emitiendo los debates presidenciales a ustedes en directo.We are bringing the presidential debates to you live.
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A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate direction)
a. to
Ve a tu habitación.Go to your room.
2. (used to indicate position)
a. to
A la izquierda puedes ver el parque.To your left you can see the park.
3. (used to indicate an exact moment)
a. at
Saldremos al amanecer.We will leave at dawn.
4. (used to indicate mode)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Podía respirar a duras penas.He was hardly able to breathe.
5. (the personal "a")
a. to
No te olvides de escribir a tus abuelos.Don't forget to write to your grandparents.
6. (used to give orders)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡A fregar los platos!Go do the dishes!
¡A la cama!Off to bed!
7. (used with quantities)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Me encantaría ganar dinero a espuertas.I would love to earn lots of money.
Llovía a cántaros.It was pouring.
8. (used to express purpose)
a. to
Vino a saludar.He came to say hello.
9. (used to express frequency)
a. per
Trabajo ocho horas al día.I work eight hours per day.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
10. (letter)
a. a
Ese adjetivo debe terminar con una a.That adjective should end in an a.
11. (music)
a. A
El pianista tocó una A.The pianist played an A.
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