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a

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USAGE NOTE
Before nouns starting with a vowel or a silent "h," "an" is used instead of "a." This word may be capitalized in the sense shown in 3) and must be capitalized in the senses shown in 4), 5), and 6.
a(
ey
)
An indefinite article is a word that indicates that a noun is not specific (e.g. a girl).
indefinite article
1. (singular article)
a. un (masculine)
Give me a pencil.Dame un lápiz.
b. una (feminine)
Can I have an apple?¿Me das una manzana?
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
preposition
2. (per)
a. por
I am paid $85 a day.Me pagan $85 por día.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
noun
3. (letter)
a. la a
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
My name starts with an A.Mi nombre empieza con una A.
4. (grade)
a. el sobresaliente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
I got an A on all my exams.Saqué sobresaliente en todos los exámenes.
b. la A
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
If I get an A, my parents will buy me a new phone.Si saco una A, mis padres me comprarán un nuevo celular.
c. el 10
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
I was a good student. I used to get straight A's.Yo era un buen estudiante. Me sacaba siempre 10.
5. (music)
a. el la
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Juan played an improvisation in A minor.Juan improvisó en la menor.
b. la A
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
Can you sing an A, please?¿Puedes cantar una A, por favor?
An abbreviation is the shortened form of a word or group of words (e.g. "UFO" = "unidentified flying object"; "p." = "page").
abbreviation
6. (ampere or amperes)
a. A
How many N is 1 A?¿A cuántos N equivale 1 A?
La intensidad de esta corriente eléctrica es de 10 A.The intensity of this electric current is 10 A.
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a
[ə, stressed eɪ]
indefinite article
Antes de vocal o “h” muda se usa an
1. un, una (in general)
  • a man un hombre
  • a woman una mujer
  • an hour una hora
  • he has a red nose tiene la nariz roja
  • I haven't got a car no tengo coche
  • he is an Englishman/a father/a barrister es inglés/padre/abogado
2. (expressing prices, rates)
  • 30 pence a kilo 30 peniques el kilo
  • three times a week/a year tres veces a la semana/al año
  • 50 kilometers an hour 50 kilómetros por hora
3. (a certain)
  • a Mr Watkins phoned llamó un tal Sr. Watkins
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
A
a
[eɪ]
noun
1 (letter) A; a (f)
A for Andrew A de Antonio; to get from A to B ir de A a B; No. 32A (house) núm. 32 bis; núm. 32 duplicado; the A-Z of Management Techniques el manual básico de Técnicas de Gestión; Técnicas de Gestión de la A a la Z
to know sth from A to Z conocer algo de pe a pa or de cabo a rabo
2 (Mús)
A la (m); A major/minor la mayor/menor; A sharp/flat la sostenido/bemol
3 (Educ) sobresaliente (m)
modifier
A level (a) (Britain) (Educ) Advanced level bachillerato (m)
to take three A levels presentarse como candidato en tres asignaturas de A level; she has an A level in chemistry tiene un título de A level en química
Al terminar la educación secundaria obligatoria, los estudiantes de Inglaterra, Gales e Irlanda del Norte pueden estudiar otros dos años para preparar tres o cuatro asignaturas más y examinarse de ellas a los 18 años. Estos exámenes se conocen con el nombre de A levels o Advanced levels. Cada universidad determina el número de A levels y la calificación necesaria para acceder a ella.
En Escocia los exámenes equivalentes son los Highers o Higher Grades, que se hacen de unas cinco asignaturas tras un año de estudios. Después se puede optar entre entrar en la universidad directamente o estudiar otro año más, bien para hacer el mismo examen de otras asignaturas, o para sacar los Advanced Highers.
note See culture box in entry GCSE.
A road (n) (Britain) carretera (f) nacional
"A" shares (n) acciones (f) de clase A
A side (n) [of record] cara (f) A
A to Z (n) (map book) callejero (m)
a [eɪ] [ə]
indefinite article
an [æn] [ən] [n]
1 unauna (m) (f);a una (+ fem noun starting with stressed [a] or [ha]) un
a book un libro; an apple una manzana; a soul un alma; an eagle un águila; an axe un hacha
2 (article often omitted in translation) (with professions)
he is an engineer es ingeniero; I am not a doctor yo no soy médico
he's a teacher
he's a brilliant scientist es un excelente científico; that child's a thief! ¡ese niño es un ladrón!
(after [tener]/[buscar] if singular object the norm)
I have a wife and six children tengo mujer y seis hijos; have you got a passport? ¿tiene usted pasaporte?; I haven't got a car no tengo coche; she's looking for a secretary busca secretaria; she has a daughter tiene una hija; they have a lovely house tienen una casa preciosa
"Omission of article" See culture box in entry look.
(after negatives)
you don't stand a chance no tienes posibilidad alguna; without a doubt sin duda; without saying a word sin decir palabra
(in expressions)
half an hour media hora; a fine excuse! ¡bonita disculpa!; what an idiot! ¡qué idiota!; a hundred pounds cien libras; a drink would be nice me gustaría algo de beber
(apposition)
Patrick, a lecturer at Glasgow University, says that ... Patrick, profesor de la Universidad de Glasgow, dice que ...; the Duero, a Spanish river el Duero, un río español
Glasgow, a Scottish city
3 (a certain) unauna tal;a una
a Mr Smith called to see you vino a verte un tal señor Smith
4 (each, per) por
two apples a head dos manzanas por persona; £80 a week 80 libras por semana; 50 kilometres an hour 50 kilómetros por hora; 30 pence a kilo 30 peniques el kilo; once a week/three times a month una vez a la semana/tres veces al mes
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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