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Quick answer
"De" is a preposition which is often translated as "from", and "contra" is a preposition which is often translated as "against". Learn more about the difference between "de" and "contra" below.
de(
deh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate origin)
a. from
Mis padres vienen de Nicaragua.My parents are from Nicaragua.
2. (used to indicate material)
a. of
Esta mesa está hecha de plástico.This table is made of plastic.
3. (used to express possession)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Te recojo en el coche de mi padre.I'll come get you in my father's car.
¿Esa no es la casa de Susana?Isn't that Susana's house?
4. (used to indicate characteristics)
a. of
La comida era de gran calidad.The food was of great quality.
5. (used to indicate content)
a. of
Andrés siempre llevaba una bolsa de canicas.Andres always carried around a bag of marbles.
6. (with compound nouns)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Voy a comprar otro traje de baño para el verano.I'm going to buy another bathing suit for the summer.
Se usa la palanca de cambios para cambiar las marchas.You use the gear shift to change the gears.
7. (used to indicate time)
a. in
Es mejor trabajar de mañana.It is better to work in the morning.
8. (used to express cause)
a. with
Me sorprendí llorando de pena al pensar en él.I caught myself crying with sorrow when I thought of him.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
9. (letter)
a. d
¿Dijiste la letra de o te?Did you say the letter d or t?
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contra(
kohn
-
trah
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (opposition)
a. against
Boca Juniors juega contra Santos este sábado. Boca Juniors plays against Santos this Saturday.
2. (position)
a. against
Pon este libro en el librero que está contra aquella pared, por favor.Put this book in the bookcase that is against that wall, please.
3. (direction)
a. against
Es muy duro nadar contra la corriente.It is very hard to swim against the current.
b. into
Para levantar la cometa tienes que correr contra el viento.To lift the kite you have to run into the wind.
4. (finance)
a. on
No aceptamos cheques girados contra bancos extranjeros.We don't accept checks drawn on foreign banks.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
5. (argument against)
a. con
Antes de invertir, examine los pros y los contras.Before you invest, examine the pros and cons.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
6. (for poison)
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
Regionalism used in Colombia
(Colombia)
Regionalism used in Nicaragua
(Nicaragua)
Regionalism used in Venezuela
(Venezuela)
a. antidote
Necesita una contra para mordeduras de serpiente.She needs an antidote for snake bites.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to express surprise)
a. damn
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
¡Contra, qué calor hace aquí!Damn, it's hot in here!
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