Quick answer
"De" is a preposition which is often translated as "from", and "amigo" is a noun which is often translated as "friend". Learn more about the difference between "de" and "amigo" below.
de(
deh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate origin)
a. from
Mis padres vienen de Nicaragua.My parents are from Nicaragua.
2. (used to indicate material)
a. of
Esta mesa está hecha de plástico.This table is made of plastic.
3. (used to express possession)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Te recojo en el coche de mi padre.I'll come get you in my father's car.
¿Esa no es la casa de Susana?Isn't that Susana's house?
4. (used to indicate characteristics)
a. of
La comida era de gran calidad.The food was of great quality.
5. (used to indicate content)
a. of
Andrés siempre llevaba una bolsa de canicas.Andres always carried around a bag of marbles.
6. (with compound nouns)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Voy a comprar otro traje de baño para el verano.I'm going to buy another bathing suit for the summer.
Se usa la palanca de cambios para cambiar las marchas.You use the gear shift to change the gears.
7. (used to indicate time)
a. in
Es mejor trabajar de mañana.It is better to work in the morning.
8. (used to express cause)
a. with
Me sorprendí llorando de pena al pensar en él.I caught myself crying with sorrow when I thought of him.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
9. (letter)
a. d
¿Dijiste la letra de o te?Did you say the letter d or t?
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el amigo, la amiga(
ah
-
mee
-
goh
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (companion)
a. friend
Me voy a juntar con unos amigos de la escuela este viernes.I'm going to get together with some friends from school this Friday.
b. pal
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Quedé con unas amigas para tomar algo.I arranged to go for something to eat with some pals.
c. buddy
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Javier ha sido mi amigo desde hace años.Javier has been a buddy of mine for years.
d. mate
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Mi amigo y yo fuimos al cine ayer.My mate and I went to the cinema yesterday.
e. girlfriend (feminine)
Julieta salió con unas amigas.Julieta went out with some girlfriends.
2. (lover)
a. boyfriend (masculine)
Mi amigo es muy tacaño y nunca paga nada.My boyfriend is very mean and never pays for anything.
b. girlfriend (feminine)
Mi amiga quiere que nos casemos, pero yo no quiero.My girlfriend wants us to get married, but I don't want to.
3. (form of address)
a. pal
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(masculine)
¡A ver, amigo! Deja de bromear.Look here, pal! Stop fooling around.
b. buddy
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(masculine)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¡Oye, amigo! No hay porque ser tan borde.Hey, buddy! There's no need to be so rude.
c. mate
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(masculine) (United Kingdom)
¡A ver, amigo! Haz el favor de bajarle el volumen a la música.Come on, mate! Turn your music down, will you?
d. honey
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(feminine)
Mira, amiga; ya sabes lo que te voy a decir.Look, honey, you know what I'm going to say.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (not hostile)
a. friendly
Varios países amigos se unieron para ayudar a Haití después del temblor.Several friendly countries came together to assist Haiti after the earthquake.
5. (close; used with "de")
a. friend
Andrés es muy amigo de Gabriel.Andrés is a close friend of Gabriel's.
6. (who is a friend)
a. friend
Una traductora amiga me lo tradujo.A translator friend of mine translated it for me.
7. (fond of; used with "de")
a. keen on (United Kingdom)
Jessica es amiga del teatro.Jessica's keen on the theater.
b. partial to
Yo soy muy amiga del chocolate.I'm very partial to chocolate.
c. fond of
Aparentemente, Simón es bastante amigo de cantar.It seems Simon's quite fond of singing.
d. a fan of
No soy muy amigo de las películas de ciencia ficción.I'm not a huge fan of science fiction movies.
e.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No soy muy amigo de la tecnología, pero entiendo su importancia.I don't really like technology, but I understand its importance.
Los británicos son muy amigos de hacer bricolaje y siempre están comprando artículos para la casa.The British love doing DIY and are always buying articles for the home.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
8. (used to express pleasure or surprise)
a. hey
Pero ¡amigo! ¡hay que ver esta película!But, hey, you just need to see this movie!
b. well
Yo no quería asistir al concierto, pero ¡ay amigo! ¡Qué bien lo pasamos!I didn't want to go to the concert, but, well, what a great time we had!
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