Quick answer
"Dar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to give", and "echar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to throw". Learn more about the difference between "dar" and "echar" below.
dar(
dahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to hand over)
a. to give
Dame las llaves.Give me the keys.
b. to have
¿Me das una libra de queso y dos libras de jamón?Can I have one pound of cheese and two pounds of ham?
2. (to generate)
a. to give
Necesito que me des una idea para el tema de la fiesta.I need you to give me a good idea for the party's theme.
b. to yield
Este tratamiento da buenos resultados.This treatment yields good results.
c. to produce
Este manzano da más manzanas de las que podríamos comer.This apple tree produces more apples than we can possibly eat.
d. to bear (fruit)
Los perales dan peras.Pear trees bear pears.
3. (to celebrate)
a. to hold
Esta es la lista de los eventos que se dieron este mes.This is the list of events held this month.
b. to have
Mi compañía da una fiesta de Navidad todos los años.My company has a Christmas party every year.
c. to throw
Le dieron una fiesta sorpresa para celebrar su graduación.They threw him a surprise party to celebrate his graduation.
4. (to educate)
a. to teach
No dan mi asignatura favorita en la escuela.My favorite subject is not taught in school.
5. (to apply)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Le voy a dar otra capa de barniz a esta mesa.I'm going to give this table another coat of varnish.
Esta pared necesita que le des otra pasada de pintura.This wall needs another coat of paint.
6. (to grant)
a. to award
Me dieron una beca para ir a la universidad.I was awarded a scholarship to go to university.
7. (to lend)
a. to give (a pleasant taste)
La hoja de laurel le da un sabor único a la sopa.Bay leaf gives a unique taste to the soup.
8. (to express)
a. to say (thanks or greetings)
Sra. García, le quiero dar las gracias por una cena magnífica.Mrs. García, I just want to say thank you for a wonderful dinner.
b. to give
El Día de Acción de Gracias es un día para dar las gracias por todo lo que tenemos.Thanksgiving Day is a day to give thanks for all that we have.
9. (to perform an action)
a. to take
¿Quieres dar un paseo por el río?Would you like to take a walk by the river?
10. (card games)
a. to deal
¿Quién va a dar esta ronda?Who's going to deal this round?
11. (film, theater, television)
a. to show
El cine independiente está dando un maratón de películas clásicas.The independent movie theater is showing a classic film marathon.
12. (to sound)
a. to strike (clock)
El reloj dio las doce de la noche y Cenicienta huyó del palacio.The clock struck midnight and Cinderella fled the palace.
13. (to make feel)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No puedo tomar café caliente en este clima; me da demasiado calor.I can't drink hot coffee in this weather; it makes me too hot.
Me da miedo quedarme sola en la casa.I get scared staying at home alone.
14. (to regard; used with "por")
a. to consider
Necesito que termines el proyecto. - Dalo por hecho.I need you to finish the project. - Consider it done.
15.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to spoil)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to ruin
Me dio la película al decirme el final.He ruined the movie for me when he spoiled the ending.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
16. (to happen suddenly)
a. to feel
Me dieron ganas de vomitar cuando vi el insecto en mi comida.I felt like throwing up when I saw the bug in my food.
b. to have
Al papá de Gabriela le dio un derrame cerebral.Gabriela's father had a stroke.
17. (to matter)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¿Quieres ir a la playa o a la piscina? - Me da lo mismo.Do you want to go to the beach or to the pool? - It's all the same to me.
Me da igual si comemos pasta o pescado esta noche.It doesn't matter to me whether we have pasta or fish tonight.
18. (to be oriented towards)
a. to overlook
El balcón del hotel da hacia el mar.The hotel balcony overlooks the ocean.
b. to face
Mi apartamento da hacia el sur.My apartment faces south.
c. to look onto
El restaurante da al parque.The restaurant looks onto the park.
19. (to activate)
a. to press
Da al botón para prender la computadora.Press the button to turn on the computer.
20. (to strike)
a. to hit
El boxeador le dio en la cara a su oponente y ganó la pelea.The boxer hit his opponent in the face and won the fight.
b. to kick (a ball)
Trató de darle a la bola pero falló.She tried to kick the ball but missed.
21. (to discover)
a. to find
Después de años de investigación, por fin dio con la solución.After years of research, she finally found the solution.
b. to hit upon
Hasta el día de hoy, nadie ha dado con la respuesta al acertijo.So far, no one has hit upon the answer to the riddle.
c. to come up with
El equipo aún no ha dado con una solución al problema.The team still hasn't come up with a solution to the problem.
22. (to be inclined)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Desde que supo que consiguió el trabajo, le ha dado con ir de compras todo el tiempo.Ever since he found out that he got the job, he's taken to nonstop shopping.
Me ha dado con tomarme una copa de vino con la cena.I've started having a glass of wine with my dinner.
23. (to be sufficient; used with "para")
a. to be enough
No sé si esta pizza dará para todos.I'm not sure if this pizza will be enough for everyone.
24. (to motivate)
a. to give
Los sucesos de hoy me dieron qué pensar.Today's events have given me something to think about.
25. (to shine)
a. to hit
De este ángulo el sol me da en los ojos y no puedo ver.From this angle, the sun hits my eyes and I can't see.
26. (card games)
a. to deal
Ya el repartido dio, así que te toca jugar.The dealer already dealt so it's your turn to play.
darse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
27. (to thrive)
a. to grow
Esta variedad de lechuga se da en cualquier sitio.This lettuce variety can grow anywhere.
28. (to bash; used with "con")
a. to hit
Me di en el codo con la mesa y ahora está dormido.I hit my elbow on the table and now it's numb.
b. to crash
Por estar texteando mientras conducía, se dio contra la pared del túnel.He crashed into the tunnel wall because he was texting while driving.
c. to bump
Prende la luz, que no me quiero dar con la esquina de la cama.Turn on the light; I don't want to bump into the corner of the bed.
29. (to occur)
a. to happen
Una luna de sangre no se da muy a menudo.A blood moon doesn't happen that often.
b. to present itself
Una oportunidad así no se da muy a menudo.Such an opportunity does not present itself very often.
30. (to start)
a. to take to
Estoy preocupado porque Javier se ha dado a fumar demasiado.I'm worried because Javier has taken to smoking too much.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
31. (to hurt oneself)
a. to hit oneself
Me di en la cabeza contra el marco de la ventana.I hit myself on the head on the window frame.
32. (to surrender)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to give up
Vas a perder, ¿te das?You are going to lose. Do you give up?
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
echar(
eh
-
chahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to propel)
a. to throw
Esta comida ya está caducada. Échala en la basura.This food is spoiled. Throw it in the garbage.
b. to cast
Un pescador echó el sedal desde el muelle para pescar.A fisherman cast a line from the pier to fish.
2. (to add)
a. to put
¿Cuánta gasolina le echas al coche?How much gas do you put in the car?
3. (to oust)
a. to throw out
Lo echaron del bar por no pagar su cuenta.He was thrown out of the bar for not paying his tab.
b. to expel
Echaron al estudiante de la universidad por razones disciplinarias.The student was expelled from the university for disciplinary reasons.
4. (to serve)
a. to pour
¿Serías tan amable de echarme más vino?Please be so good as to pour me some more wine.
5. (to release)
a. to give off
El guiso está echando un aroma delicioso que me está dando hambre.The stew is giving off a delicious aroma that is making me hungry.
b. to emit
El tubo de escape de un coche echa gases cuando está parado en funcionamiento.The exhaust pipe of the car emits gases when it is idle.
6. (to produce)
a. to sprout
En primavera, los árboles de mi jardín echan hojas nuevas.In the spring, the trees of my garden sprout new leaves.
7. (to give)
a. to give
Papá le echó la bronca a mi hermano por mentir.Dad gave my brother a dressing-down for lying.
8. (to send)
a. to mail
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Voy a la oficina de correos para comprar sellos para echar esta carta.I'm going to the post office to buy stamps to mail this letter.
b. to post (United Kingdom)
¿Cuánto cuesta echar este paquete a Alemania?How much does it cost to post this parcel to Germany?
9. (to estimate)
a. to reckon
¿Cuánto tiempo tiene que cocer el pollo? - Échale dos horas.How long does the chicken need to cook? - I reckon two hours.
b. to think
Le echaba a tu hermana menos años que a ti.I thought your sister was younger than you.
10. (indicating an action)
a. to give
¿Puedes echarme una mano con las bolsas de la compra?Can you give me a hand with the shopping bags?
b. to have
Anoche, mis amigos y yo nos echamos unas risas en la cena.Last night, my friends and I had a good laugh over dinner.
11. (to move)
a. to push
Echa la mesa a un lado para hacer más sitio para la fiesta.Push the table aside to make more room for the party.
12. (to lay off)
a. to fire
Me echaron del trabajo por no cumplir con mis responsabilidades.I was fired from a job for not fulfilling my duties.
b. to sack (United Kingdom)
Lo echaron porque nunca completaba sus proyectos.They sacked him because he never completed his projects.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
13. (to commence)
a. to start
El ladrón se echó a correr cuando vio que la policía se acercaba a él.The thief started running when he saw the police coming toward him.
b. to begin
Mi hijo se echó a llorar cuando la enfermera le clavó la aguja en el brazo.My son began to cry when the nurse stuck the needle in his arm.
echarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
14. (to propel oneself)
a. to throw oneself
Intentó suicidarse echándose al agua desde el puente.He tried to commit suicide throwing himself into the water from the bridge.
15. (to recline)
a. to lie down
Solo tienes que echarte y disfrutar del masaje.Just lie down and enjoy your massage.
16. (to apply)
a. to put
Me eché protector solar antes de ir a la playa, pero me quemé.I put on sunscreen before going to the beach, but I got sunburned.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.
© Curiosity Media Inc.  |  Ver en español
SOCIAL NETWORKS
APPS