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Quick answer
"Sustraído" is a form of "sustraer", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to subtract". "Dónde" is an adverb which is often translated as "where". Learn more about the difference between "dónde" and "sustraído" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in questions)
a. where
¿Dónde quieren construir el edificio los arquitectos?Where do the architects want to build the building?
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(in questions)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. how
¿Dónde iba a saber que cambiaste de opinión si no me lo dijiste?How was I to know that you'd changed your mind if you didn't tell me?
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (mathematics)
a. to subtract
Les enseñé a mis alumnos a sumar y sustraer números del sistema decimal.I taught my students how to add and subtract numbers in the decimal system.
b. to take away
Si tienes 20 manzanas y sustraes 11, ¿cuántas te quedan?If you have 20 apples and you take away 11, how many are left?
2. (to take out)
a. to remove
Mi mamá me sustrajo el aguijón de abeja del brazo con unas tenacillas.My mom removed the bee sting from my arm with a pair of tweezers.
b. to take away
El mesero sustrajo nuestros platos vacíos y nos trajo el próximo plato.The waiter took away our empty plates and brought out the next course.
3. (to thieve)
a. to steal
Arrestaron al carterista que te sustrajo la billetera.The pickpocket who stole your wallet was arrested.
4. (to draw out)
a. to extract
Los científicos comenzaron a sustraer agua de las napa subterránea.The scientists began to extract water from beneath the surface.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to keep out)
a. to avoid
Dejé la bebida, así que intento sustraerme de los bares.I quit drinking, so I try to avoid bars.
b. to withdraw
Me fui porque quería sustraerme de la controversia.I walked away because I wanted to withdraw from the controversy.
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