Quick answer
"Close" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "cerrar", and "near" is an adverb which is often translated as "cerca". Learn more about the difference between "close" and "near" below.
close(
klos
,
kloz
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to be shut)
a. cerrar
The flower shop closes at eight o'clock.La floristería cierra a las ocho en punto.
b. cerrarse
The wind caused the door to close behind me.El viento hizo que se cerrara la puerta detrás de mí.
2. (to come to an end)
a. terminar
The show closed with a musical number.El espectáculo cerró con un número musical.
b. concluir
The book closes with a quote by F. Scott Fitzgerald.El libro concluye con una cita de F. Scott Fitzgerald.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to shut)
a. cerrar
Please, close the door of the refrigerator.Por favor, cierren la puerta de la refrigeradora.
4. (to bring to an end)
a. terminar
We close every department meeting with a recap of the action points.Terminamos cada reunión del departamento con un resumen de los puntos de acción.
b. clausurar
The speaker closed the conference with a speech.El orador clausuró la conferencia con un discurso.
c. poner fin a
The author closed his book with a great chapter.El autor puso fin a su libro con un capítulo genial.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (near)
a. cercano
The closest hotel is four blocks away.El hotel más cercano queda a cuatro cuadras.
b. próximo
My house is close to the train station.Mi casa está próxima a la estación de tren.
6. (intimate)
a. íntimo
They have been close friends since school.Han sido amigos íntimos desde el colegio.
b. cercano
I have many close relatives living in my neighborhood.Tengo muchos parientes cercanos que viven en mi vecindario.
c. estrecho
They have had a close friendship since they began working together.Han tenido una estrecha amistad desde que empezaron a trabajar juntos.
d. directo
A cousin is a close relative, so you can invite them to the wedding.Un primo es un familiar directo, así que puedes invitarlos a la boda.
7. (almost equal)
a. reñido
The Formula 1 race was very close.La carrera de Fórmula 1 estuvo muy reñida.
8. (careful)
a. minucioso
After close examination, the evidence was admitted.Después de un examen minucioso, se admitió la prueba.
b. fiel
This translation is not close to the original text.Esta traducción no es fiel al texto original.
c. detallado
Her thesis is a close study of Bolivar's military campaign.Su tesis es un estudio detallado sobre la campaña militar de Bolívar.
9. (stuffy)
a. pesado
The day is too close to be outside. I'd rather stay indoors.El día está demasiado pesado para estar afuera. Prefiero quedarme adentro.
b. cargado
This room feels so close. Open a window.Este cuarto se siente tan cargado. Abre una ventana.
c. bochornoso
The air-conditioning is broken so the atmosphere in the office is very close.El aire acondicionado no funciona por lo cual el ambiente de la oficina está muy bochornoso.
10. (not loose)
a. tupido
I cannot make the weave on this quilt I'm knitting close.No logro que el tejido de esta colcha que estoy tejiendo quede tupido.
11. (reticent)
a. reservado
He's a very close person, and never talks about his personal life.Es una persona muy reservada y nunca habla de su vida personal.
b. tacaño (miserly)
Although he's wealthy, he never pays for me. He's such a close man!Aunque es rico, nunca me invita a nada. ¡Qué hombre más tacaño!
12. (linguistics)
a. cerrado
The "u" in "full" is a close vowel.La "u" en "full" es una vocal cerrada.
13. (shave)
a. apurado
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
I asked the barber for a close shave.Le pedí al barbero un afeitado apurado.
b. al ras
I wanted a close shave, but the razor was dull.Quería un afeitado al ras, pero mi cuchilla estaba sin filo.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
14. (near)
a. cerca
I hate when people stand close to me on the train.Odio que la gente se pare cerca de mí en el tren.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
15. (end)
a. el final
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The close of the season is approaching.El final de la temporada se acerca.
b. la conclusión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After two hours, the speech finally came to a close.Después de dos horas, el discurso por fin llegó a su conclusión.
16. (enclosure)
a. el recinto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The wedding will take place in the cathedral close.La boda tendrá lugar en el recinto de la catedral.
b. la calle sin salida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(cul-de-sac) (United Kingdom)
Leave your car here; this is a close.Deja aquí el coche, es una calle sin salida.
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near(
nir
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in space)
a. cerca
Are we near? I'm really tired.¿Estamos cerca? Estoy cansadísima.
2. (in time)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The day of the interview was getting nearer.Se acercaba el día de la entrevista.
The nearer I get to leaving, the harder it's becoming.A medida que se acerca mi partida, más difícil se me hace.
3. (in degree)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It's nowhere near as funny as his last movie.No es para nada tan graciosa como su última película.
This price is nearer to what I can afford.Este precio se acerca más a lo que puedo pagar.
4. (almost)
a. casi
She was kept in near total isolation.La guardaban casi totalmente aislada.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (in space)
a. cercano
The nearest gas station is 20 miles away.La gasolinera más cercana está a 20 millas de aquí.
6. (in time)
a. cercano
In the near future, we will be able to send humans to Mars.En un futuro cercano, podremos enviar seres humanos a Marte.
b. próximo
La boda ya está muy próxima.The wedding is very near now.
7. (something close to)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Violet was in a state of near despair when she realized what she'd done.Violet quedó al borde de la desesperación al darse cuenta de lo que había hecho.
What with the people who didn't show up without letting us know and the rain, the party was a near disaster.Entre la gente que faltó sin avisar y la lluvia, la fiesta fue casi un desastre.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
8. (in space)
a. cerca de
I live near the hospital.Vivo cerca del hospital.
9. (in time)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Mike got injured near the end of the game.Mike se lesionó hacia el final del partido.
We'll talk about what food to buy nearer the day.Hablaremos más cerca de la fecha de qué comida hay que comprar.
10. (on the brink of)
a. a punto de
Sandra was near collapse when she got to the summit.Sandra estaba a punto de colapsar cuando llegó a la cima.
11. (almost)
a. cerca de
He’s nearer 40 than 30.Está más cerca de los 40 que de los 30.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
12. (to get closer to)
a. acercarse a
We were nearing the top of the mountain.Nos estábamos acercando a la cima de la montaña.
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