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Quick answer
"Burst" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "reventar", and "explode" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "explotar". Learn more about the difference between "burst" and "explode" below.
burst(
buhrst
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to rupture)
a. reventar
The balloon burst when it was over the ocean.El globo reventó cuando estaba sobre el océano.
b. reventarse
She ran over the nail and the tire burst.Pasó por encima del clavo y el neumático se reventó.
c. romperse
You'll want to be far away from the river when the dam bursts.Es conveniente estar lejos del río cuando se rompa el dique.
2. (to explode)
a. explotar
The fireworks burst in brilliant colors over the lake.Los fuegos artificiales explotaron en colores brillantes sobre el lago.
b. estallar
Luckily, the theater was empty when the bomb burst.Por suerte, el teatro estaba vacío cuando estalló la bomba.
3. (to start abruptly)
a. desatarse
They knew that a squall was going to burst at any moment.Sabían que un chubasco iba a desatarse en cualquier momento.
b. desencadenarse
Look at those black clouds. Let's get inside before a storm bursts.Mira esas nubes negras. Vamos dentro antes de que se desencadene una tormenta.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to break)
a. reventar
That bully came over and burst my ballon with his pencil.Ese matón vino y reventó mi globo con su lápiz.
b. romper
The flood burst the dam above the city.La inundación rompió el dique que está por encima de la ciudad.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (broken)
a. pinchado
You can always come see me at my shop if you get a burst tire.Siempre puedes acudir a mi taller si tienes un neumático pinchado.
b. reventado
Felipe had to call his landlord at 4 am about a burst pipe.Felipe tuvo que llamar al casero a las 4 am por una tubería reventada.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (sudden sound)
a. la salva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of applause)
Her performance inspired a burst of applause.Su actuación inspiró una salva de aplausos.
b. el arranque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of activity)
Suddenly, a burst of activity was heard on the street below.De repente, se oyó un arranque de actividad en la calle abajo.
c. la ráfaga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of bullets)
The soldiers dodged the burst of bullets from the machine gun.Los soldados esquivaron la ráfaga de balas de la ametralladora.
7. (detonation)
a. el estallido
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The operators heard a burst come from the machine.Los operarios oyeron un estallido procedente de la máquina.
b. la explosión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A burst of steam blew the top of the tank off.Una explosión de vapor hizo saltar la cubierta del tanque.
8. (rupture)
a. el reventón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If the cellar gets too cold, the pipes could freeze, and we risk a burst.Si el sótano se enfría demasiado, los tubos se podrían congelar y nos arriesgamos a un reventón.
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explode(
ehks
-
plod
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to blow up)
a. explotar
The lightning struck the gas tank and it exploded.El rayo le pegó al tanque de gas, que explotó.
b. estallar
He lit the fuse and took cover while waiting for the dynamite to explode.Encendió la mecha y se puso a cubierto mientras esperó que la dinamita estallara.
c. hacer explosión
He quickly pulled off the road when his tire exploded.Rápidamente se orilló cuando la llanta hizo explosión.
2. (to express sudden emotion)
a. explotar
Sam exploded in anger when he saw what the vandals had done to his car.Sam explotó de ira cuando vio lo que los vándalos le habían hecho a su coche.
b. estallar
Sandra explodes with rage whenever anyone mentions her ex-boyfriend.Sandra estalla de rabia cada vez que alguien menciona a su exnovio.
c. reventar
The courtroom exploded with laughter, and a prompt recess was called.La sala del tribunal reventó de risa, y se solicitó un receso inmediato.
3. (to grow rapidly)
a. dispararse
After the release of our new product, third quarter sales exploded.Después del lanzamiento de nuestro nuevo producto, las ventas del tercer trimestre se dispararon.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to blow up)
a. hacer explotar
The insurgents exploded an oil pipeline.Los insurgentes hicieron explotar un oleoducto.
b. hacer estallar
The terrorists blew up a supermarket.Los terroristas hicieron estallar un supermercado.
c. explosionar
They exploded the helicopter with C4.Explosionaron el helicóptero con C4.
5. (to refute)
a. desmentir
He exploded the rumor of his resignation in a public statement.Desmintió el rumor de su renuncia en una declaración pública.
b. refutar
Available evidence has exploded the theory that the heaviest brain is necessarily the most highly developed.Los datos disponibles han refutado la teoría de que el cerebro más pesado es necesariamente el más desarrollado.
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