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Quick answer
"Bump" is a noun which is often translated as "el bulto", and "spike" is a noun which is often translated as "el pincho". Learn more about the difference between "bump" and "spike" below.
bump(
buhmp
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (lump)
a. el bulto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I can't put on my gloves because I have a bump on my hand.No me puedo poner los guantes porque tengo un bulto en la mano.
b. el chichón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on the head)
I got a huge bump on my forehead after I hit my head.Me salió un chichón enorme en la frente después de darme en la cabeza.
c. el bache
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on the road)
Slow down! There's a bump ahead.¡Baja la velocidad! Hay un bache adelante.
2. (blow)
a. el golpe
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She tripped and landed with a bump.Se tropezó y se dio un golpe al caer.
b. la sacudida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a vehicle)
The bump made me feel dizzy.La sacudida me mareó.
c. el topetazo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(between two people or things)
The wrestler started his performance with a bump.El luchador comenzó con un topetazo.
3. (sound)
a. el golpe
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I turned around quickly because I heard a bump behind me.Me di la vuelta rápidamente al oír un golpe detrás de mí.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to hit)
a. chocar con
The brakes failed and I bumped the car in front of me.Los frenos fallaron y choqué con el auto que tenía delante.
b. darse un golpe en (a part of the body)
He bumped his head against the wall and started crying.Se dio un golpe en la cabeza contra la pared y comenzó a llorar.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to remove)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Her single was bumped from the top ten.Su single desapareció de los diez primeros de la lista.
I was bumped from my flight with no notice.Me sacaron de mi vuelo sin avisarme.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to bounce)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Sally bumped along the patio, trying not to step on water.Sally cruzó el patio dando saltos para no pisar el agua.
The car bumped along the old road.El auto iba dando tumbos por la vieja carretera.
bumps
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
7. (lifting somebody into the air) (United Kingdom)
a. el manteo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I got the bumps for being the first of my friends to get married.Me dieron un manteo por ser el primero de mis amigos en casarse.
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spike(
spayk
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (pointed object)
a. el pincho
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We can fasten this end of the rope to the ground with this spike.Podemos atar este extremo de la cuerda al suelo con este pincho.
b. la punta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The warrior's helmet was covered with spikes.El casco del guerrero estaba lleno de puntas.
c. el barrote
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on a railing or a fence)
The pointed spikes on top of the fence are a deterrent to potential burglars.Los barrotes puntiagudos en la parte superior de la cerca tienen un efecto disuasivo para ladrones potenciales.
d. el clavo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on sports shoes)
The spikes on these shoes will give you that extra traction.Los clavos de estas zapatillas te darán la tracción extra que necesitas.
2. (sharp increase)
a. el aumento brusco
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What is the spike in this patient's blood sugar due to?¿A qué se debe el aumento brusco de la tasa de azúcar en la sangre de este paciente?
3. (sharp increase in electricity)
a. el pico
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The power outage was caused by a voltage spike.El apagón fue causado por un pico de voltaje.
4. (animal anatomy)
a. la púa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The hedgehog's spikes protect it from predators.Las púas del erizo lo protegen de depredadores.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to increase suddenly)
a. aumentar bruscamente
The crime rate has spiked over the last month.La índice de crímenes ha aumentado bruscamente durante el último mes.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to pierce)
a. clavar
The property owner spiked a notice on the tree by the entrance.El propietario clavó un cartel en el árbol que está junto a la entrada.
b. pinchar
I finally managed to spike a fish with my makeshift harpoon.Por fin logré pinchar un pez con mi arpón improvisado.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to add a substance to a drink)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Someone must have spiked my drink, because I can't remember what happened the rest of the night.Alguien tiene que haber echado algo a mi bebida porque no me acuerdo de nada que pasó el resto de la noche.
We're going to spike the cider with whiskey.Vamos a echarle whiskey a la sidra.
8. (sports)
a. rematar (volleyball)
She jumped and spiked the ball over the net.Saltó y remató la pelota por encima de la red.
b. remachar (volleyball)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Nobody can stop him when he spikes the ball.Nadie lo puede detener cuando remacha la pelota.
c. lanzar contra el suelo (American footbal)
The player ran into the end zone and spiked the ball.El jugador entró corriendo a la zona final y lanzó el balón contra el suelo.
9. (to end)
a. acabar con
The senator spiked the rumor that he would vote against the bill.El Senador acabó con el rumor de que votaría en contra del proyecto de ley.
spikes
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
10. (sports)
a. las zapatillas con clavos
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need to buy some spikes for track and field.Tengo que comprarme unas zapatillas con clavos para el atletismo.
b. las zapatillas de clavos
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I went to the sports store to buy some spikes.Fui a la tienda de deportes para comprarme zapatillas de clavos.
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