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Quick answer
"Break" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "romper", and "make" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "hacer". Learn more about the difference between "break" and "make" below.
break(
breyk
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to snap or fracture)
a. romper
I broke the glass vase during the party.Rompí el jarrón de cristal durante la fiesta.
b. quebrar
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I just broke a nail.Acabo de quebrarme una uña.
2. (to injure)
a. romperse
Alice broke her leg when she fell off her bicycle.Alice se rompió la pierna cuando se cayó de su bicicleta.
b. romper
Thomas broke one of my ribs when he fell on top of me.Thomas me rompió una costilla cuando se me cayó encima.
3. (to render useless)
a. romper
The plumber accidentally broke the boiler, and now we can't shower.El plomero accidentalmente rompió el calentador y no nos podemos duchar.
b. descomponer
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
My husband broke the computer by spilling his cup of coffee on it.Mi marido descompuso la computadora regándola con su taza de café.
c. estropear
Charles broke my tablet and didn't even apologize.Charles estropeó mi tableta y ni siquiera se disculpó.
4. (to fail to observe)
a. violar
These rules are not valid; they break the law on contracts.Estas normas no son válidas; violan la ley contractual.
b. infringir
We cannot tolerate anyone breaking the rules, or absolute chaos would prevail.No podemos tolerar que nadie infrinja las normas, o reinaría el caos más absoluto.
c. quebrantar
We lost the battle because the king broke his promise and didn't send his army.Perdimos la batalla porque el rey quebrantó su promesa y no envió a su ejército.
d. no acudir a
The chairman broke the meeting without giving advanced notice.El presidente no acudió a la reunión sin avisar previamente.
5. (to impart)
a. comunicar
We had to break it to him gently.Se lo tuvimos que comunicar con mucho tacto.
6. (to tame)
a. domar
The horse trainer broke the horse so that it could be ridden.El domador domó al caballo para que aceptara a un jinete.
7. (to moderate)
a. amortiguar
When the rider fell off his horse, a bush broke his fall.Cuando el jinete se cayó de su caballo, un arbusto amortiguó su caída.
8. (to surpass)
a. batir
The athlete broke the existing world record.El atleta batió el récord mundial actual.
9. (finance)
a. cambiar
Could you break this $50 bill for me?¿Podría cambiarme este billete de cincuenta?
10. (to weaken someone's spirit)
a. quebrantar
This rejection letter will break the hopes of many students.Esta carta de rechazo quebrantará las esperanzas de muchos estudiantes.
11. (to interrupt)
a. romper
My baby's cry broke the silence in the house.El llanto de mi bebé rompió el silencio de la casa.
b. cortar
The company broke the electricity for non-payment of bills.La compañía cortó la electricidad por impago.
12. (tennis)
a. romper
The player broke service twice in the third set.El jugador rompió el servicio dos veces en el tercer set.
13. (to escape)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. escaparse
A prisoner tried unsuccessfully to break jail.Un prisionero trató de escaparse de la cárcel sin éxito.
b. fugarse
Some students broke boarding school last night.Algunos alumnos se fugaron del internado anoche.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
14. (to smash into pieces)
a. romperse
When the rope broke, they all fell to the floor.Cuando se rompió la cuerda, se cayeron todos al suelo.
b. quebrarse
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
My heel broke in the middle of my presentation.Se me quebró el tacón a mitad de mi presentación.
15. (to give in)
a. desmoronarse
He broke when he was forced to face all the evidence there was against him.Se desmoronó cuando tuvo que enfrentarse a las pruebas en su contra.
16. (to begin)
a. romper
When the new day broke, he had already left the house.Cuando rompió el nuevo día, él ya se había ido de casa.
b. estallar
The storm broke in the middle of the night.La tormenta estalló en mitad de la noche.
c. apuntar
After the night, the day will break.Tras la noche, apuntará el día.
17. (to change)
a. cambiar
In September the weather broke; fall had come.En septiembre cambió el tiempo, el otoño había llegado.
b. mudarse
His voice is breaking because he's a teenager.La voz le está mudando porque es un adolescente.
c. quebrarse
His voice broke when he told her about the accident.Su voz se quebró cuando le contó lo del accidente.
18. (to arrive)
a. romper
The wave broke against the rocks.La ola rompió en las rocas.
b. estallar
When the scandal broke, all the media reported it.Cuando estalló el escándalo, todos los medios se hicieron eco.
19. (to pause)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
In half an hour, we'll break for coffee.En media hora, pararemos para tomar un café.
We always break to have lunch.Siempre hacemos un descanso para comer.
20. (billiards)
a. abrir el juego
He broke and the balls scattered all over the table.Abrió el juego y las bolas se dispersaron por toda la mesa.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
21. (time period)
a. el descanso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We had a break at noon for lunch.Nos tomamos un descanso a mediodía para comer.
b. la pausa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There are no commercial breaks on this channel.No hay pausas publicitarias en este canal.
c. la interrupción
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The boss announced a break in his schedule due to personal issues.El jefe anunció la interrupción de su agenda por problemas personales.
d. las vacaciones
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The summer break ended too soon.Las vacaciones de verano acabaron demasiado pronto.
22. (medicine)
a. la fractura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It looks like a bad break.Parece una fractura grave.
b. la rotura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The accident caused him several breaks all over his body.El accidente le causó varias roturas por todo el cuerpo.
23. (chance)
a. la oportunidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This audition could be the break I've always dreamed of.Esta audición podría ser la oportunidad que siempre he soñado.
24. (disconnection)
a. el corte
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We had a water supply break last summer due to drought.Tuvimos un corte de agua el verano pasado por la sequía.
25. (separation)
a. la ruptura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She took the break in stride.Se tomó la ruptura con calma.
26. (gap)
a. la abertura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There was something hidden in the break of the wall.Había algo escondido en la abertura del muro.
b. la grieta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The break on the ground was caused by an earthquake.La grieta del suelo la causó un terremoto.
27. (break-out)
a. la fuga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
His prison break was frustrated by the police.La policía frustró su fuga de la cárcel.
28. (tennis)
a. la ruptura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The player made a decisive break of serve to win the set.El jugador realizó una ruptura de saque decisiva para ganar el set.
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make(
meyk
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to produce)
a. hacer
I want to learn to make furniture.Quiero aprender a hacer muebles.
b. preparar
I'm going to make a wonderful dinner.Voy a preparar una cena fantástica.
2. (to cause)
a. crear
Your sister makes problems wherever she goes.Tu hermana crea problemas vaya adonde vaya.
3. (to compel)
a. hacer
My mother made me clean my room.Mi madre me hizo limpiar la habitación.
4. (to cause to be)
a. hacer
The movie made me sad.La película me hizo sentirme triste.
5. (to reach)
a. llegar a
If we hurry, we can make it to the movie on time.Si nos apuramos, podemos llegar a tiempo a la película.
6. (to perform)
a. hacer
I have just made the payment for the invoice.Acabo de hacer el pago de la factura.
b. efectuar
The bank teller informed me that the payment will be made immediately.El cajero del banco me informó que el pago se efectuará de inmediato.
7. (to be or become)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
A stick can make a pretty good baseball bat.Un palo puede actuar como un bate de béisbol.
You are going to make great parents one day.Un día serán padres magníficos.
8. (to earn)
a. ganar
With the money I'll make working during the summer, I will pay my college tuition.Con el dinero que ganaré trabajando durante el verano, me pagaré la matrícula de la universidad.
9. (to carry out)
a. cometer
Everyone makes mistakes every now and then, but you have to learn from them.Todo el mundo comete errores de vez en cuando, pero tienes que aprender de ellos.
b. tomar
The owner of the company made the decision to give everyone a raise.El dueño de la empresa tomó la decisión de darles a todos un aumento de salario.
10. (to make successful)
a. consagrar
I think this is the song that will make you.Creo que esta es la canción que te consagrará.
b. asegurar el futuro de
You'll see - this app is going to make me.Ya verás que esta app me va a asegurar el futuro.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to act)
a. hacer
My ex-girlfriend made as if she didn't notice me when I waved to her.Mi exnovia hizo como si no me hubiera visto cuando la saludé con la mano.
12. (to proceed)
a. dirigirse
In case of a fire, keep calm, and make for the nearest exit.En caso de incendio, mantengan la calma y diríjanse a la salida más cercana.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
13. (brand)
a. la marca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What is the make and model of the vehicle?¿Cuál es la marca y el modelo del vehículo?
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