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Quick answer
"Break out" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "escaparse", and "burst" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "reventar". Learn more about the difference between "break out" and "burst" below.
break out(
breyk
 
aut
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to escape; used with "of")
a. escaparse
Somehow, my parrot managed to break out of his cage.De alguna manera, mi loro logró escaparse de su jaula.
b. fugarse
The soldier broke out of the prisoner camp by tunneling underneath the fence.El soldado se fugó del campamento de prisioneros haciendo un túnel por debajo de la valla.
c. salirse
The Beatles' success allowed them to experiment and break out of the mold.El éxito de los Beatles les permitió experimentar y salirse del molde.
2. (to develop; often used with "in" or "into")
a. salir
That facial lotion you gave me made me break out really bad.Esa loción facial que me diste me hizo salir muchísimos granos.
b. aparecer
Elisa started breaking out in hives from all the stress.A Elisa le empezaron a aparecer ronchas a causa del estrés.
c. dar
Luis broke out into a cold sweat when he saw the total in the restaurant bill.A Luis le dio un sudor frío cuando vio el total en la cuenta del restaurante.
3. (to be unleashed)
a. estallar
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
A fight broke out just as the bar was closing.Estalló una pelea justo cuando estaban cerrando el bar.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
4.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(start using)
a. sacar
At ten o'clock, they broke out the drums, and that's when the party really started.A las diez, sacaron los tambores, y fue entonces que se formó la rumba de verdad.
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burst(
buhrst
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to rupture)
a. reventar
The balloon burst when it was over the ocean.El globo reventó cuando estaba sobre el océano.
b. reventarse
She ran over the nail and the tire burst.Pasó por encima del clavo y el neumático se reventó.
c. romperse
You'll want to be far away from the river when the dam bursts.Es conveniente estar lejos del río cuando se rompa el dique.
2. (to explode)
a. explotar
The fireworks burst in brilliant colors over the lake.Los fuegos artificiales explotaron en colores brillantes sobre el lago.
b. estallar
Luckily, the theater was empty when the bomb burst.Por suerte, el teatro estaba vacío cuando estalló la bomba.
3. (to start abruptly)
a. desatarse
They knew that a squall was going to burst at any moment.Sabían que un chubasco iba a desatarse en cualquier momento.
b. desencadenarse
Look at those black clouds. Let's get inside before a storm bursts.Mira esas nubes negras. Vamos dentro antes de que se desencadene una tormenta.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to break)
a. reventar
That bully came over and burst my ballon with his pencil.Ese matón vino y reventó mi globo con su lápiz.
b. romper
The flood burst the dam above the city.La inundación rompió el dique que está por encima de la ciudad.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (broken)
a. pinchado
You can always come see me at my shop if you get a burst tire.Siempre puedes acudir a mi taller si tienes un neumático pinchado.
b. reventado
Felipe had to call his landlord at 4 am about a burst pipe.Felipe tuvo que llamar al casero a las 4 am por una tubería reventada.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (sudden sound)
a. la salva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of applause)
Her performance inspired a burst of applause.Su actuación inspiró una salva de aplausos.
b. el arranque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of activity)
Suddenly, a burst of activity was heard on the street below.De repente, se oyó un arranque de actividad en la calle abajo.
c. la ráfaga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of bullets)
The soldiers dodged the burst of bullets from the machine gun.Los soldados esquivaron la ráfaga de balas de la ametralladora.
7. (detonation)
a. el estallido
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The operators heard a burst come from the machine.Los operarios oyeron un estallido procedente de la máquina.
b. la explosión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A burst of steam blew the top of the tank off.Una explosión de vapor hizo saltar la cubierta del tanque.
8. (rupture)
a. el reventón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If the cellar gets too cold, the pipes could freeze, and we risk a burst.Si el sótano se enfría demasiado, los tubos se podrían congelar y nos arriesgamos a un reventón.
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