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Quick answer
"Borrow" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "pedir prestado", and "raise" is a noun which is often translated as "el aumento". Learn more about the difference between "borrow" and "raise" below.
borrow(
ba
-
ro
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to use temporarily)
a. pedir prestado
You can always borrow your father's car.Siempre le puedes pedir prestado el coche a tu padre.
b. prestar
Could I borrow your vacuum cleaner for a couple of hours? Mine is broken.¿Me prestas la aspiradora un par de horas? La mía está estropeada.
c. dejar
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
May I borrow your yellow sweater? I promise it's the last time.¿Me dejas tu jersey amarillo? Te prometo que es la última vez.
2. (to take from the library)
a. sacar prestado
I borrowed four books from the library but have only had time to read two.Saqué cuatro libros prestados de la biblioteca pero solo he tenido tiempo de leer dos.
3. (to incorporate into a language)
a. tomar prestado
Spanish borrowed quite a few words from Arabic.El español tomó prestadas unas cuantas palabras del árabe.
4. (to use as one's own)
a. apropiarse de
Of course it wasn't his idea, he rather borrowed it from someone else.Por supuesto, no fue idea suya, sino que se apropió de la de otro.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to take out a loan)
a. pedir un préstamo
We are going to borrow in order to buy a house.Vamos a pedir un préstamo para comprar una casa.
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raise(
reyz
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (increase)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el aumento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I will only stay with this company if they give me a pay raise.Me quedaré en esta empresa solo si me dan un aumento de sueldo.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to lift)
a. levantar
Please raise your hand if you have a question.Por favor, levanten la mano si tienen alguna pregunta.
b. elevar
The platform had been raised one meter above the ground.Habían elevado la plataforma un metro por encima del suelo.
3. (to augment)
a. aumentar
If they raise their prices once again, I'm going to stop shopping here.Si aumentan los precios otra vez, voy a dejar de comprar aquí.
b. subir
Raise the volume please, I can't hear the television.Sube el volumen por favor, no puedo oír la televisión.
4. (to collect)
a. recaudar
The foundation raised a substantial amount of money for cancer research.La fundación recaudó una cantidad considerable de dinero para la investigación del cáncer.
5. (to rear)
a. criar
After raising four children, they needed a break.Después de criar a cuatro niños, necesitaban un descanso.
6. (to bring up)
a. plantear
The new director raised many questions about the policies of the company.El director nuevo planteó muchas cuestiones en torno a la política de la empresa.
7. (to erect)
a. erigir
They are going to raise a statue to honor the hometown hero.Van a erigir una estatua en honor al héroe local.
8. (to cultivate)
a. cultivar
They raise a wide variety of produce to sell at the market.Cultivan una amplia variedad de productos para vender en el mercado.
9. (to improve)
a. aumentar
It has been proven that coffee raises your concentration levels.Se ha demostrado que el café aumenta el nivel de concentración.
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