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Quick answer
"Below" is a preposition which is often translated as "debajo de", and "over" is a preposition which is often translated as "encima de". Learn more about the difference between "below" and "over" below.
below(
buh
-
lo
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (under)
a. debajo de
Write your name below this line.Escribe tu nombre debajo de esta línea.
b. abajo de
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
There was a crack in the wall below the windowsill.Había una grieta en la pared abajo de la repisa de la ventana.
c. bajo
The majority of an iceberg is below the surface.La mayor parte de un iceberg está bajo la superficie.
2. (less than)
a. por debajo de
The price should be below $10,000.El precio debería estar por debajo de los 10,000 dólares.
3. (in rank or importance)
a. por debajo de
There is a meeting for all officers below captain.Hay una reunión para todos los oficiales por debajo del grado de capitán.
4. (downstream of)
a. más abajo de
The restaurant is 100 meters below the bridge.El restaurante está 100 metros más abajo del puente.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (underneath)
a. abajo
The cars below looked tiny.Los autos abajo se veían minúsculos.
6. (with numbers)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It was 30 degrees below.Hacía 30 grados bajo cero.
The competition is for children aged 12 or below.El concurso es para niños de 12 años para abajo.
7. (in documents)
a. más abajo
See the table below.Véase la tabla más abajo.
8. (nautical)
a. abajo
The prisoners were kept below.Los presos se guardaban abajo.
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over(
o
-
vuhr
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (above)
a. encima de
There was a mosquito net over the bed.Había un mosquitero encima de la cama.
b. por encima de
There's a painting of Venice over our bed.Hay un cuadro de Venecia por encima de nuestra cama.
c. arriba de
The light over the sink is burned out.La luz arriba de la pila está fundida.
d. sobre
There's a mistletoe over the doorway into the living room.Hay un muérdago sobre la puerta a la sala de estar.
2. (in excess of)
a. más de
I made over a hundred dollars working from home.Gané más de cien dólares trabajando desde casa.
b. mayor de
You have to be over 21 to be allowed to drink alcohol in this country.Hay que ser mayor de 21 años para poder beber alcohol en este país.
c. por encima de
Our sales increased over two percent last quarter.Nuestras ventas aumentaron por encima de un dos por ciento el pasado trimestre.
3. (during)
a. durante
I'd rather speak about it over dinner.Prefiero hablar de eso durante la cena.
b. mientras
They reviewed the contract over lunch to make sure that everything was satisfactory.Repasaron el contrato mientras almorzaban para comprobar que todo fuera satisfactorio.
4. (by means of)
a. por
It's not safe for us to talk about this over the phone.No es seguro hablar de esto por teléfono.
5. (because of)
a. por
I don't want to argue over minutia. Let's get to the important issue.No quiero discutir por detalles minuciosos. Pasamos a lo importante.
b. sobre
There was some controversy over the company's new direction.Hubo algo de polémica sobre la nueva dirección de la empresa.
6. (mathematics)
a. sobre
Two over eight is one quarter.Dos sobre ocho es igual a un cuarto.
7. (in a higher rank)
a. por encima de
I got tired of having a boss over me, so I started my own company.Me cansé de tener a un jefe por encima de mí, pues fundé mi propia empresa.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (across)
a. por encima de
We'll be going over the bridge in five minutes.Pasaremos por encima del puente en cinco minutos.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I looked over at my husband and he was asleep.Miré a mi esposo y estaba dormido.
My family came over for Hanukkah.Mi familia vino para la Hanukkah.
9. (indicating repetition)
a. de nuevo
This isn't right. You'll have to do it over.Esto no está bien. Tendrás que hacerlo de nuevo.
b. otra vez
He told the same story over and over.Contó la misma historia una y otra vez.
10. (excessively)
a. demasiado
Todd was accused of being over careful when planning his trip to the jungle.A Todd se le acusaba de ser demasiado cauteloso al momento de planificar su excursión a la jungla.
11. (in or to a certain place)
a. allí
I'll be over in about an hour. Should I bring anything?Estaré allí en como una hora. ¿Traigo algo?
b. aquí
I'm at the restaurant, but I don't see you. - We're over here by the bar.Estoy en el restaurante, pero no los veo. - Estamos aquí por la barra.
12. (on the back)
a. al dorso
See over for dosage information.Véase al dorso para información de dosis.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
13. (completed; often used with "be")
a. acabar
The movie isn't over yet.Todavía no ha acabado la película.
b. terminar
This conversation is over.Esta conversación terminó.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
14. (telecommunications)
a. cambio
Mayday! Mayday! We are sinking. Over!¡Mayday! ¡Mayday! Nos estamos hundiendo. ¡Cambio!
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